Central Committee of the Communist Party of Peru: “Overcome the Bend in the Road, Developing the People’s War!”

Proletarians of all countries, unite!
There is one goal, the conquest of Power!

OVERCOME THE BEND IN THE ROAD, DEVELOPING THE PEOPLE‘S WAR!

Central Committee
Communist Party of Peru
September 1995

Red Flag PublicationsReproduced by The Red Flag

OVERCOME THE BEND IN THE ROAD, DEVELOPING THE PEOPLE‘S WAR!

OUTLINE

QUOTES

NEW PLAN: This is part of the 6th Great Military Plan.

POLITICAL STRATEGY: CONQUER POWER.

MILITARY STRATEGY: PEOPLE’S WAR. „TAKE GUERRILLA WARFARE AS FUNDAMENTAL, BUT LOSE NO OPPORTUNITY TO REALIZE MOBILE WARFARE WHEN THE CONDITIONS ARE FAVORABLE.“ PREPARE INSURRECTION IN THE CITIES.

STRATEGY OF CONSTRUCTION: CONSTRUCT THE CONQUEST OF POWER IN THE MIDST OF THE PEOPLE’S WAR.

IDEOLOGICAL AND POLITICAL FOUNDATIONS.

Take as a political foundation everything previously expounded by CHAIRMAN GONZALO AND THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE, particularly in the 3rd PLENUM AND THE WORK SESSIONS OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE; as well as the document AGAINST THE SELL OUT AND GENOCIDAL DICTATORSHIP, PERSIST IN THE PEOPLE’S WAR!

Analyze Fujimori’s speech; which briefly summarized, expounds to repeat what he did in his first term, within the framework of the three tasks of reaction, the imperialist plans, mainly Yankee imperialism and the armed forces.

DOCUMENTS FOR STUDY.

NOTES FOR THE REMAINDER OF THE GREAT CLOSING.

KEEP THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS IN MIND:

PEOPLE’S WAR.

CONSTRUCTION.

TWO-LINE STRUGGLE.

OVERCOME THE BEND IN THE ROAD, DEVELOPING THE PEOPLE’S WAR!

OBJECTIVES:

1. Overcome the bend in the road.

2. Combat the plan of reaction and imperialism.

3. Crush the hoax of „pacification“.

4. Crush the revisionist and capitulationist Right-Opportunist Line (ROL).

5. Lay down bases for the realization of the 4th PLENUM.

6. General Reorganization of the Party.

First Part: OVERCOME THE BEND IN THE ROAD, DEVELOPING THE PEOPLE’S WAR!:

Chronology: ……………………..

Second Part: OVERCOME THE BEND IN THE ROAD, DEVELOPING THE PEOPLE’S WAR!:

Chronology: ……………………..

[Before, during or after the important dates, make every effort to develop offensives and counter-offensives according to the national situation and the specific conditions of each Committee. And in the framework of our counter-campaigns (campaigns)]

CELEBRATIONS: (Before, during or after)

10/7/95. DAY OF THE PARTY: „The Communist Party of Peru, guided by Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, Gonzalo Thought, is the heroic combatant that leads the revolution.“

12/3/95. CHAIRMAN GONZALO’S BIRTHDAY AND DAY OF THE PEOPLE’S LIBERATION ARMY: „What is People’s War? People’s War until Communism.“

12/26/95. CHAIRMAN MAO TSE-TUNG’S BIRTHDAY: „Marxism-Leninism-Maoism is the new, third, and higher stage of Marxism.“

5/1/96. LONG LIVE THE INTERNATIONAL PROLETARIAT!

5/17/96. OVERCOME THE BEND IN THE ROAD, DEVELOPING THE PEOPLE’S WAR!

ATTITUDE:

Nothing is hard in this world if you dare to scale the heights!

Be superior to the reaction!

Nothing or no one can detain us: not imperialism, not reaction, not revisionism or nature!

DEVELOPMENT

OVERCOME THE BEND IN THE ROAD, DEVELOPING THE PEOPLE’S WAR!

Quotes

1. “The correctness or otherwise of the ideological and political line decides everything. When the Party’s line is correct, then everything will come its way. If it has no followers, then it can have followers; if it has no guns, then it can have guns; if it has no political power, then it can have political power. If its line is not correct, even what it has it loses.”

2. “The seizure of power by armed force, the settlement of the issue by war, is the central task and the highest form of revolution. This Marxist-Leninist principle of revolution holds good universally, for China and for all other countries.”

3. “In China war is the main form of struggle and the army is the main form of organization. Other forms of struggle such as mass organization and mass struggle are also extremely important and indeed indispensable and in no circumstances to be overlooked, but their purpose is to serve the war. Before the outbreak of a war all organization and struggle are in preparation for the war, as in the period from the May 4th Movement of 1919 to the May 30th Movement of 1925. After war breaks out, all organization and struggle are coordinated with the war either directly or indirectly”

4. “Without armed struggle the proletariat and the Communist Party would have no standing at all in China, and it would be impossible to accomplish any revolutionary task.”

5. “We have learned that without armed struggle neither the proletariat, nor the people, nor the Communist Party would have any standing at all in China and that it would be impossible for the revolution to triumph. In these years the development, consolidation and bolshevization of our Party have proceeded in the midst of revolutionary wars; without armed struggle the Communist Party would assuredly not be what it is today. Comrades throughout the Party must never forget this experience for which we have paid in blood.”

6. “According to the Marxist theory of the state, the army is the chief component of state power. Whoever wants to seize and retain state power must have a strong army. Some people ridicule us as advocates of the “omnipotence of war”. Yes, we are advocates of the omnipotence of revolutionary war; that is good, not bad, it is Marxist. The guns of the Russian Communist Party created socialism. We shall create a democratic republic. Experience in the class struggle in the era of imperialism teaches us that it is only by the power of the gun that the working class and the labouring masses can defeat the armed bourgeoisie and landlords; in this sense we may say that only with guns can the whole world be transformed.”

7. “The Red Army’s operations take the form of counter-campaigns against ‘encirclement and suppression’. For us victory means chiefly victory in combating ‘encirclement and suppression’, that is, strategic victory and victories in campaigns. The fight against each ‘encirclement and suppression’ campaign constitutes a counter-campaign, which usually comprises several or even scores of battles, big and small. Until an ‘encirclement and suppression’ campaign has been basically smashed, one cannot speak of strategic victory or of victory in the counter-campaign as a whole, even though many battles may have been won. The history of the Red Army’s decade of war is a history of counter-campaigns against ‘encirclement and suppression’.”

8. “In the enemy’s “encirclement and suppression” campaigns and the Red Army’s counter-campaigns against them, the two forms of fighting, offensive and defensive, are both employed, and here there is no difference from any other war, ancient or modern, in China or elsewhere. The special characteristic of China’s civil war, however, is the repeated alternation of the two forms over a long period of time. In each “encirclement and suppression” campaign, the enemy employs the offensive against the Red Army’s defensive, and the Red Army employs the defensive against his offensive; this is the first stage of a counter-campaign against “encirclement and suppression”. Then the enemy employs the defensive against the Red Army’s offensive, and the Red Army employs the offensive against his defensive; this is the second stage of the counter-campaign. Every “encirclement and suppression” campaign has these two stages, and they alternate over a long period.

By repeated alternation over a long period we mean the repetition of this pattern of warfare and these forms of fighting. This is a fact obvious to everybody. An “encirclement and suppression” campaign and a counter-campaign against it – such is the repeated pattern of the war. In each campaign the alternation in the forms of fighting consists of the first stage in which the enemy employs the offensive against our defensive and we meet his offensive with our defensive, and of the second stage in which the enemy employs the defensive against our offensive and we meet his defensive with our offensive.”

9. “2. The subjective forces of the revolution have indeed been greatly weakened since the defeat of the revolution in 1927. The remaining forces are very small and those comrades who judge by appearances alone naturally feel pessimistic. But if we judge by essentials, it is quite another story. Here we can apply the old Chinese saying, “A single spark can start a prairie fire.” In other words, our forces, although small at present, will grow very rapidly. In the conditions prevailing in China, their growth is not only possible but indeed inevitable.”

10. “With the exception of a few short chapters every important part of the annals of the revolution from 1848 to 1849 carries the heading: Defeat of the revolution!

But what succumbed in these defeats was not the revolution. It was the pre-revolutionary traditional appendages, results of social relationships, which had not yet come to the point of sharp class antagonisms persons, illusions, conceptions, projects, from which the revolutionary party before the February Revolution was not free, from which it could be freed, not by the victory of February, but only by a series of defeats.

In a word: revolutionary advance made headway not by its immediate tragi-comic achievements, but on the contrary by the creation of a powerful, united counter-revolution, by the creation of an opponent, by fighting whom the party of revolt first ripened into a real revolutionary party.

11. “… but at the same time the major prerequisites for helping the struggle in the cities and hastening the rise of the revolutionary tide are specifically the development of the struggle in the countryside, the establishment of Red political power in small areas, and the creation and expansion of the Red Army.”

12. “… only concentration will enable us to wipe out comparatively large enemy units and occupy towns. Only after we have wiped out comparatively large enemy units and occupied towns can we arouse the masses on a broad scale and set up political power extending over a number of adjoining counties. Only thus can we make a widespread impact (what we call “extending our political influence”), and contribute effectively to speeding the day of the revolutionary high tide.”

13. “As to dividing our forces over a wide radius, it is possible only on the two conditions that circumstances are comparatively favourable and the leading bodies fairly strong.”

14. “the more adverse the circumstances, the greater the need for concentrating our forces and for the leaders to be resolute in struggle, because only thus can we have internal unity against the enemy. Only in favourable circumstances is it advisable to divide our forces for guerrilla operations, and it is only then that the leaders need not stay with the ranks all the time, as they must in adverse circumstances.”

15. “To extend stable base areas, employ the policy of advancing in waves; when pursued by a powerful enemy, employ the policy of circling around.”

“… we see that revisionism is an agent of the bourgeoisie in the ranks of the proletariat, and so it provokes splits. It divides the communist movement and Communist Parties, it divides the trade union movement, and it splits up and divides the people’s movement.

“Revisionism obviously is a cancer, a cancer that has to be eliminated with implacability. Otherwise we won’t be able to advance in the revolution. Remembering what Lenin said, sinthesized, we must forge ahead on two questions, forge in the question of revolutionary violence, and forge in the question of relentless struggle against opportunism, against revisionism.”

“Revisionism has already lost out; it’s only a matter of time. The problem is already defined, the rubbish has begun to be swept away, burned away; I say it again, it’s only a matter of time. The process of their demise began years ago. And if we go back further, to the beginnings, they already lost out when they became revisionists, when they abandoned their principles . . . “

17. “Make trouble, fail, make trouble again, fail again . . . till their doom; that is the logic of the imperialists and all reactionaries the world over in dealing with the people’s cause, and they will never go against this logic. This is a Marxist law. When we say “imperialism is ferocious”, we mean that its nature will never change, that the imperialists will never lay down their butcher knives, that they will never become Buddhas, till their doom.

Fight, fail, fight again, fail again, fight again . . . till their victory; that is the logic of the people, and they too will never go against this logic. This is another Marxist law. The Russian people’s revolution followed this law, and so has the Chinese people’s revolution.”

18. “The existence of serious weaknesses in the War of Resistance may lead to many setbacks, retreats, internal splits, betrayals, temporary and partial compromises and other such reverses. Therefore it should be realized that the war will be an arduous and protracted war. But we are confident that, through the efforts of our Party and the whole people, the resistance already started will sweep aside all obstacles and continue to advance and develop.”

19. “We are here in these circumstances. Some think this is a great defeat. They are dreaming! We tell them to keep on dreaming. It is simply a bend, nothing more, a bend in the road! The road is long and we shall arrive. We shall triumph! You shall see it! You shall see it!”

20. “One does not play at insurrection, one does not play at revolution. But when one raises the banner of insurrection, when one takes up arms, there’s no taking down the banner, it must be held high and never lowered until victory. This is what he taught us and no matter how much it costs us! Marx has armed us then, as well as Lenin, and principally Chairman Mao Tsetung who teach us about the price we have to pay, what it means to annihilate in order to preserve, what it means to hold high the banner, come what may.”

21. “Have we gone through difficult times? Yes. But what has reality shown us? That if we persist, keep politics in command, follow our political strategy, follow our military strategy, if we have a clear and defined plan, then we will advance, and we are capable of facing any bloodbath . . . “

22. “THE PEOPLE’S WAR WILL INEVITABLY TRIUMPH!”.

NEW PLAN: Is part of the 6th Great Military Plan.

POLITICAL STRATEGY: CONQUER POWER

MILITARY STRATEGY: PEOPLE’S WAR. „TAKE GUERRILLA WARFARE AS FUNDAMENTAL, BUT LOSE NO OPPORTUNITY TO REALIZE MOBILE WARFARE WHEN THE CONDITIONS ARE FAVORABLE.“ PREPARE INSURRECTION IN THE CITIES.

STRATEGY OF CONSTRUCTION: CONSTRUCT THE CONQUEST OF POWER IN THE MIDST OF THE PEOPLE’S WAR.

IDEOLOGICAL AND POLITICAL FOUNDATIONS.

Take as a political foundation everything previously expounded by Chairman Gonzalo and the Central Committee, particularly in the 3rd Plenum and the work sessions of the Central Committee; also the document „Against the Country-Selling and Genocidal Dictatorship, Persist in the People’s War!“.

Analyze Fujimori’s speech; which briefly summarized, expounds to repeat what he did in his first term, within the framework of the three tasks of reaction, the imperialist plans, mainly Yankee imperialism and the armed forces.

DOCUMENTS FOR STUDY.

-On Protracted War, S.W., Chairman Mao Tsetung, Vol. II p. 113 – 136, points 1 to 34.

-Six Military Essays, Chairman Mao Tsetung, p. 205-248

-The Grand Strategic Conception

-The Foolish Old Man who Removed the Mountains, S.W., Chairman Mao Tsetung, Vol. III, p. 271-274

-The Three Main Rules of Discipline and the Eight Points for Attention, Quotations from Chairman Mao Tsetung, p. 256-257

-Five Articles by Chairman Mao

-Our Position

-Problems of Strategy in China’s Revolutionary War, S.W., Chairman Mao Tsetung, Vol. I, p. 200- 249, Chapter IV to end.

-Problems of Strategy in the Guerrilla War Against Japan, S.W., Chairman Mao Tsetung, Vol. II

-Quotations from Chairman Mao Tsetung, chapters 12, 13, 9, 10 and 16.

-Unity, dynamism, seriousness and vivacity

-Four relations

-Problems of War and Strategy, S.W., Chairman Mao Tsetung, Vol. II, p. 219-236

-New Tasks and New Forces, Lenin

-Document: „Against the Genocidal and Country-Selling Dictatorship, Persist in the People’s War!“.

NOTES FOR THE REMAINDER OF THE GREAT CLOSING

The People’s War is developing against wind and tide, in July very successfully concluding the first part of the Great Plan to Construct the Conquest of Power!, In Defense of the Great Leadership, Against the genocidal dictatorship!, and laying down bases for the development of the second part which will be guided by the slogan OVERCOME THE BEND IN THE ROAD, DEVELOPING THE PEOPLE’S WAR!

Once more the nation is rocked by the burning flames of the People’s War, from the Main Region to the very capital, the area of the Metropolitan Committee. Thus, in the Ayacucho Zonal Committee we defeated the sinister campaigns of „encirclement and suppression“ of the genocidal, sell out armed forces. Bases seven and fourteen were traversed, agitating and mobilizing the masses, developing the take over of cars on the Ayacucho-San Francisco highway and annihilating mesnadas in Ccano; sabotage of a state tractor in Yanamonte, annihilations, and seizure of cattle for the provisioning of the Revolutionary Support Base „Red Bastion“ and of the forces of the People’s Liberation Army, complementing this action with the ambushes, annihilating and scourging the enemy bases located in the Revolutionary Support Base 33 (Ene River). Similarly, the zonal committee of Cangallo-Fajardo carried out a magnificent incursion in La Mar, Vilcashuamán, Cangallo, right under the nose of the counterinsurgency base, and later confiscated more than 30 cases of dynamite and a radio transmitter. Meanwhile, the Huancavelica zonal committee deployed a shattering ambush at Supaymayo-Lachoc, annihilating nine police (including a major) and confiscating an equal number of H&K rifles. To this are added the magnificent ambushes unleashed by the Huallaga Regional Committee in which over 50 members of the special forces („commando“) where annihilated, capturing a MAG machinegun, an RPG rocket launcher and over 30 FAL, M-16 and AKM rifles, and a radio transmitter. And in Lima, the Metropolitan Committee and People’s Aid carried out some powerful car-bomb attacks against the tourist hotel María Angola and the house of the congressional lackey Joy Way. These are only some of the outstanding actions with the offensives unleashed in the month of July, although there where others carried out in the North, the South and the Center like the ambush of Pichanaki.

For all these reasons we say that our plan has concluded very successfully, celebrating in this way the 15 years of the invincible People’s War, crushing the rotten cackling of the genocidal sell outs Hermoza Ríos and Fujimori, who repeated many times that „by July 1995 the Shining Path will be liquidated“. Once more they were defeated and they had to swallow their black vomit. The same has occurred with the revisionists and capitulators of the Right-Opportunist Line, who, in 1993, in a dark prophecy said that the People’s War could not be maintained „because there is no conditions“.

It is important that we take into account and fervently salute the extraordinary Heroism and the Great Firmness in enduring suffering and sacrifices on the part of the Support Bases. These are masses that are an example for the entire Peruvian people and deserve our respect and admiration, because they fight shoulder to shoulder along with the People’s Liberation Army and the Communist Party of Peru to maintain the New Power, no matter the cost, developing a new economy, new politics and a new culture.

Thus we salute the heroic militants and combatants of the Communist Party of Peru and People’s Liberation Army, who by putting politics in command, always guide themselves by Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, Gonzalo Thought, conquering victory after victory overcoming all difficulties, always maintaining to the end the banners of the people’s war, always combating imperialism, reaction and revisionism.

KEEP THE FOLLOWING CONDITIONS IN MIND:

-PEOPLE’S WAR: it must be developed taking the Military Line as the base and all the experience of more than 15 years of victories and reverses, particularly in the countryside, paying close attention to the handling of the campaigns (enemy campaigns that are framed within the strategy of the so-called „low-intensity warfare“, of which they are its principal form and which are complemented by population control, civil control and „intelligence“ work, which includes psychological operations) and the counter-campaigns, the principal form of the Civil War, realizing our offensives and counter-offensives within this context and not on its margins, always keeping the national political situation and the specific situation of each committee in mind. Don’t underestimate or overestimate the enemy (see „Strategic Problems in the Guerrilla War Against Japan“, chapters VII and IV). Applying the Grand Strategic Conception.

With respect to the cities, we maintain the criteria of a unified people’s war but with the specification, in this period, of developing a gradual advance seeking to weld the People’s War with the class struggle of the proletariat and the popular masses in the neighborhoods and shantytowns, at all times handling the two hills and laying the foundations of the insurrection.

-CONSTRUCTION: Crush revisionism, developing a General Reorganization of the Party.

In the countryside they have for some time been unfolding a corporative militarization that seeks to subjugate the peasant masses; therefore, only through armed struggle and political mobilization will we be able to incorporate them into the People’s War, sweeping away, bit by bit, the control and pressure exerted on them by the repressive forces and the mesnadas. (Resettlement without repressive forces! Resettlement without mesnadas! Civil Defense is criminal defense!)

In the cities, this government has been building an almost fascist police control, managed by the armed forces, which must be exposed and swept aside. Because of this, close attention to the relationship between open work and secret work is demanded, aiming at developing the secret work. In everything we must be superior to the reactionaries!

Two-line Struggle: Develop the two-line struggle against the revisionist and capitulationist Right-Opportunist Line (ROL).

Study the documents, Lenin: „The Struggle Against Revisionism“, „The Proletarian Revolution and Khrushchev’s Revisionism“.

OVERCOME THE BEND IN THE ROAD BY DEVELOPING THE PEOPLE’S WAR!

OBJECTIVES:

1. – Overcome the bend in the road.

2. – Combat the plan of reaction and imperialism.

3. – Crush the hoax of “pacification”.

4. – Crush the revisionist and capitulationist right opportunist line (ROL).

5. – Lay down bases for the realization of the IV PLENUM.

6. – General Reorganization of the Party.

First Part: OVERCOME THE BEND IN THE ROAD, DEVELOPING THE PEOPLE’S WAR!.

Chronology: ……………………..

Second Part: OVERCOME THE BEND IN THE ROAD, DEVELOPING THE PEOPLE’S WAR!.

Chronology: ……………………..

CELEBRATIONS: […]

ATTITUDE:

Nothing is hard in this world if you dare to scale the heights!

Be superior to the reaction!

Nothing or no one can detain us: not imperialism, not reaction, not revisionism or nature!

Peru, September 1995

Central Committee
Communist Party of Peru