Communes Are Better

Proletarians of all countries, unite!
There is one goal, the conquest of power!


Chairman Mao Tse-tung

People‘s Daily
Reproduced by
The Red Flag


Extracted from the account of Chairman Mao Tse-tung‘s inspection tour in Shantung on the 9th of August, 1958, as reported in the People‘s Daily.

Chairman Mao emphasized particularly that arrangements for all types of work must be the subject of vigorous and uninhibited debate by the masses. He said that if plans and directions were not debated by the masses, the ideas would be yours [that is, those of the cadres]. After such debates, the masses themselves became the masters, and were naturally prepared to work more energetically. Chairman Mao emphasized once more that the directors must go frequently to the lower levels to have a look, to aid the basic-level cadres in summing up their experience, and to give guidance on the spot. When Tan Chi-lung (Shantung provincial secretary) reported that Peiyuanhsiang in Lichenhsien was preparing to set up large collective farms, Chairman Mao said: „It is better to set up people‘s communes. Their advantage lies in the fact that they combine industry, agriculture, commerce, education and military affairs. This is convenient for directorship.“