Communiqué of the 2nd Plenum of the 9th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China

Proletarians of all countries, unite!
There is one goal, the conquest of power!

COMMUNIQUÉ OF THE 2ND PLENUM OF THE 9TH CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF CHINA

Central Committee
Communist Party of China
06.09.1970

Peking Review
No. 37 of 1970
Reproduced by
The Red Flag
Our great leader Chairman Mao and his close comrade-in-arms Vice-Chairman Lin Piao at the 2nd Plenum of the 9th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China

The 2nd Plenum of the 9th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China was held at Lushan in September 1970. At this plenum, an anti-Party clique headed by Lin Piao and Chen Po-ta attacked Chairman Mao‘s leadership — attacks which later led to an attempted State coup by Lin Piao. At the time when this communiqué was published, Chairman Mao still wanted Lin Piao to be protected from public criticism. Later, a cultural revolutionary campaign was launched to „Criticize Lin Piao and Confucius!“ after Lin Piao was killed in a plane crash while attempting to escape to the Soviet Union.

QUOTATIONS FROM CHAIRMAN MAO TSE-TUNG

The force at the core leading our cause forward is the Communist Party of China.

The theoretical basis guiding our thinking is marxism-leninism.“

„Opening Address to the 1st Session of the 1st National People‘s Congress of the People‘s Republic of China“ (15.09.1954)

The Communist Party of China is the core of directorship of the whole Chinese people. Without this core, the cause of socialism cannot be victorious.“

„Remarks at the 3rd National Congress of the New Democratic Youth League of China“ (25.05.1957)

Unite to win still greater victories!“

„Opening Address at the 9th National Congress of the Communist Party of China“ (01.04.1969)

COMMUNIQUÉ OF THE 2ND PLENUM OF THE 9TH CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF CHINA

The 2nd Plenum of the 9th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China opened on August 23rd, 1970 and concluded victoriously on September 6th.

The session was attended by 155 members and 100 alternate members of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, 255 in all.

Chairman Mao Tse-tung, Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, personally presided over the session.

Chairman Mao and his close comrade-in-arms Vice-Chairman Lin Piao spoke at the session. The members and alternate members of the Central Committee attending the session enthusiastically discussed the items on the agenda of the session.

The 2nd Plenum of the 9th Central Committee holds: Since the Party‘s 9th National Congress and the 1st Plenum of the 9th Central Committee of the Party, in response to the great call of our great leader Chairman Mao: „Unite to win still greater victories“, and under the guidance of Chairman Mao‘s theory of continuing the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat, the whole Party, the whole Army and the people of all nationalities of the country have carried out the tasks set forth by the 9th Party Congress and achieved great successes. The mass movement of the people of the whole country for the living study and application of Mao Tse-tung thought continues to develop in depth. New successes and experience have been constantly gained in the movement of struggle-criticism-transformation in the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution. The movement to strike at the counter-revolutionaries and to oppose corruption and theft, oppose speculation and oppose extravagance and waste is deepening. Mass revolutionary criticism is fiercely sweeping away the remnant pernicious influence of the counter-revolutionary revisionist line of the renegade, hidden traitor and scab Liu Shao-chi; it has enormously enhanced the consciousness of class struggle and the struggle between the two lines on the part of the working class, the poor and lower-middle peasants and the masses of the people, inspired the revolutionary enthusiasm and creativeness of the masses of the working people and given a powerful impetus to revolution and production. Rich harvests have been gathered in our socialist agriculture for eight years running, and another one is in sight this year. Industrial production and capital construction are developing rapidly. The mass movement for technical innovations is vigorously forging ahead. The launching of China‘s first human-made Earth satellite signifies that our science and technology have reached a new level. Throughout the country prices are stable and the market is thriving. The situation is very good on the entire economic front. In response to Chairman Mao‘s solemn call: „Heighten our vigilance, defend the homeland“, the great Chinese People‘s Liberation Army, the people‘s militia and the people of the whole country, in order to guard against imperialist and social-imperialist aggression on our country, have further enhanced their preparedness against war ideologically, materially and organizationally. The dictatorship of the proletariat in our country is more consolidated than ever. A new high tide is rising in the great socialist revolution and socialist construction.

The Plenum holds: The solemn statement Chairman Mao Tse-tung issued on May 20th, 1970: „People of the world, unite and defeat the U.S. aggressors and all their running dogs!“, is a great programme for the Chinese people, together with the revolutionary people of the world, to carry on the struggle against imperialism. As Chairman Mao pointed out: „The danger of a new world war still exists, and the people of all countries must get prepared. But revolution is the main trend in the world today.“ The development of the international situation in the past few months has testified to this scientific thesis of Chairman Mao. The people of the three countries of Vietnam, Laos and Kampuchea are continuously winning new victories in the war against U.S. aggression and for national salvation. The flames of the struggle of the people of Korea, Japan, the South-East Asian countries and other countries in Asia against U.S. imperialism and against the revival of Japanese militarism by the U.S. and Japanese reactionaries are raging. Fearing no threat and refusing to be deceived, the Palestinian and other Arab people continue to persist in heroic armed struggle. From Asia, Africa, Latin America to North America, Europe and Oceania, the revolutionary struggles of the people of various countries are vigorously surging ahead. The Party of Labor of Albania and other genuine marxist-leninist parties and organizations in the world have continuously achieved tremendous successes in the struggle against imperialism headed by the United States, modern revisionism with Soviet revisionism as its center and the reactionaries of various countries. Beset with troubles both at home and abroad, U.S. imperialism and social-imperialism have become increasingly isolated and are besieged by the revolutionary people the world over. In contrast, China‘s foreign relations are daily developing. On the basis of adhering to the „Five Principles“, we strive for peaceful coexistence with countries having different social systems and oppose the imperialist policies of aggression and war, and have continuously won new victories. We have friends all over the world.

The Plenum holds that in the excellent situation now prevailing at home and abroad, it is the fervent desire of the people of the whole country to convene the 4th National People‘s Congress. The Plenum proposes to the Permanent Committee of the National People‘s Congress that necessary preparations be made so that the 4th National People‘s Congress will be convened at an appropriate time.

The Plenum approved the State Council‘s report on the National Planning Conference and the National Economic Plan for 1970.

The Plenum approved the report on strengthening the work for preparedness against war presented by the Military Commission of the Central Committee of the Party.

The Plenum calls on the whole Party, the whole Army and the people of all nationalities of the country to hold high the great red banner of Mao Tse-tung thought, resolutely carry out Chairman Mao‘s proletarian revolutionary line and policies and continue to fulfill the various fighting tasks set forth by the 9th Party Congress.

It is imperative to continue to deepen the mass movement for the living study and application of Mao Tse-tung thought and use marxism-leninism-Mao Tse-tung thought consciously to remold our world outlook, linking closely with practice in the „Three Great Revolutionary Movements“ of class struggle, the struggle for production and scientific experiment. The whole Party must conscientiously study Chairman Mao‘s philosophical works, uphold dialectical materialism and historical materialism and oppose idealism and metaphysics.

It is imperative to continue to „carry out the tasks of struggle-criticism-transformation conscientiously“, deepen revolutionary mass criticism and eliminate the remnant pernicious influence of Liu Shao-chi‘s counter-revolutionary revisionist line so as to carry to the end the revolution on the political and ideological front, the cultural and educational front, the economic front and in all spheres of the superstructure. It is imperative to grasp firmly the movement for striking at the counter-revolutionaries and opposing corruption and theft, opposing speculation and opposing extravagance and waste and continue to deal powerful blows to the handful of counter-revolutionaries, who sabotage socialist revolution and construction and who vainly attempt to restore capitalism.

It is imperative to continue to implement the policy of „grasp revolution, promote production and other work and preparedness against war“ in an all-round way and, with the struggle between the two classes, the two roads and the two lins as the key, work arduously, rely on our own efforts, go all out, aim high and achieve greater, faster, better and more economical results in building socialism, and strive to fulfill or overfulfill the National Economic Plan for 1970, continue to grasp firmly and strengthen the work for preparedness against war and further consolidate and strengthen the dictatorship of the proletariat. We are determined to liberate Taiwan!

It is imperative to fulfill the task of consolidating and building the Party conscientiously and to strengthen the building of the Party ideologically and organizationally. The Party organizations at all levels and all Communist Party militants must have faith in the masses, rely on them and give further play to the directing role fo the vanguard of the proletariat.

The great leader Chairman Mao teaches us: The unification of our country, the unity of our people and the unity of our various nationalities — these are the basic guarantees of the sure triumph of our cause.“ The great, glorious and correct Communist Party of China is the core of directorship of the people of the whole country. On the basis of the great victories won in the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution and through the 9th Party Congress, the whole Party has achieved unprecedented unity based on the principles of Mao Tse-tung thought.

The Plenum calls on the working class, the poor and lower-middle peasants, the commanders and fighters of the People‘s Liberation Army, the revolutionary cadres, the revolutionary intellectuals as well as all patriotic personages throughout the country to greet the convocation of the 4th National People‘s Congress with new victories!

The Plenum calls on the people of the whole country further to strengthen by deeds the militant unity with the people of Albania, the three countries of Indo-China, Korea and Japan, and the Palestinian and other Arab people, further to strengthen the militant unity with the proletariat, the oppressed people and the oppressed nations of the world and carry the struggle against imperialism, revisionism and the reactionaries through to the end!

Under the directorship of the Party Central Committee with Chairman Mao as its leader and Vice-Chairman Lin as its deputy leader, „unite to win still greater victories!“

06.09.1970
CENTRAL COMMITTEE
COMMUNIST PARTY OF CHINA