Documents of the 8th Plenum of the 8th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China

Proletarians of all countries, unite!
There is one goal, the conquest of power!

DOCUMENTS OF THE 8TH PLENUM OF THE 8TH CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF CHINA

Central Committee
Communist Party of China
August 1959

Peking Review
No. 35 of 1959
Reproduced by
The Red Flag

DOCUMENTS OF THE 8TH PLENUM OF THE 8TH CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF CHINA

1. COMMUNIQUÉ OF THE 8TH PLENUM OF THE 8TH CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF CHINA

The 8th Plenum of the 8th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China convened at Lushan, Kiangsi Province, from August 2nd to August 16th, 1959.

The Plenum was held under the guidance of Chairman Mao Tse-tung. Taking part in the plenum were 75 members and 74 alternate members of the Central Committee. 14 other comrades working in relevant departments of the Central Committee and in provincial, municipal and autonomous regional Party committees also attended the plenum.

The Plenum reviewed in detail the implementation of the 1959 plan for development of the domestic economy, fully discussed the existing economic situation and put forward the militant task of further developing the campaign to raise production and practice economy so as to fulfill ahead of schedule within this year the major targets of the 2nd Five-Year Plan (1958-62). The control figures of the 2nd Five-Year Plan were adopted at the 1st Session of the 8th National Congress of the Party in September 1956, and accepted by the State Council in February 1957.

The 8th Plenum of the 8th Central Committee noted with satisfaction that as a result of the thorough way in which the whole Party and the entire country have carried out the Party‘s general line — go all out, aim high and get greater, quicker, better and more economical results to build socialism — the various branches of the domestic economy in the first half of this year continued to leap forward on the basis of the Great Leap Forward in 1958 and won new, important successes. In the first half of this year the total output value of industry increased by 65% and the volume of railway freight increased by 49% compared with the corresponding period of last year. With respect to agriculture, although the sown acreage was somewhat reduced last winter and although not a few areas suffered from severe floods and drought, yet the average per mu yields of the summer crops have all registered an increase and the total output of wheat, early rice and rapeseed exceeded last year‘s exceptional bumper crops. The volume of retail sales of commodities in the first half of this year was 23% higher than in the corresponding period of last year. Although the volume of retail sales expanded rapidly, the purchasing power of the people increased still more rapidly, so, for a time, there was a bit of a strain in the supply of a small number of commodities on the market. Thanks to the series of effective measures taken by the central and local authorities to step up the production of non-staple foods, manufactured goods and handicraft products for daily use and thanks to the marketing of the summer crops, the supply situation has taken a turn for the better. The economic situation in the first half of this year was on the whole good.

The 8th Plenum of the 8th Central Committee holds that in view of the achievements made last year and in the first half of this year, it is entirely possible to fulfill ahead of schedule within this year the main targets for the major industrial and agricultural products originally fixed for the last year (1962) of the 2nd Five-Year Plan. Fulfillment of the major targets of the 2nd Five-Year Plan ahead of schedule should be made the chief task of this year. This is a great and glorious task. Its fulfillment will raise the domestic economy of our country to a new and higher level.

On the basis of verified statistics on the domestic economy in 1958 compiled by the State Statistical Bureau, and in the light of the actual development of industrial and agricultural production in the first six months of this year and the recent occurrence of serious floods and drought over large areas of the country, the 8th Plenum reexamined this year‘s plan for development of the domestic economy and found that the original targets set in this plan were somewhat too high and need to be appropriately adjusted.

Repeated check-ups made in the first half of this year show that the figures previously published on the 1958 agricultural output are a bit high. The bumper harvest in 1958 had no parallel in the history of our country. Owing to lack of experience in assessing and calculating the output of such an unprecedented bumper harvest, the agricultural statistical organs in most cases made an overassessment. Apart from that, the labor power allocated for the bumper autumn harvest was inadequate, with the result that reaping, threshing and storing were all done in a somewhat hurried manner. Verification shows that the actual amount of grain gathered in in 1958 was 500,000,000,000 jin [250,000,000 tons], an increase of 35% over that of 1957; the actual amount of cotton gathered in was 42,000,000 dan [2,100,000 tons], an increase of 28% over that of 1957. This was obviously a great leap forward. But under these conditions, the original targets planned for grain and cotton this year require adjustment. Again, of the 11,080,000 tons of steel produced last year, 3,080,000 tons were made by indigenous methods and met the requirements of rural areas; the output of steel produced by modern equipment which met the requirements of industry totalled 8,000,000 tons, an increase of 49.5% over the 5,350,000 tons produced in 1957. In view of the fact that this year there is a certain shortage of labor power for agricultural production, it is suggested that the production of steel by indigenous methods for local use be decided upon by the local authorities in accordance with local conidtions; it will no longer be included in the State plan. It was also decided that the output of coal be adjusted accordingly. The 8th Plenum considers that this year‘s four major targets for steel, coal, grain and cotton should be readjusted as follows: steel, 12,000,000 tons; coal, 335,000,000 tons; grain and cotton, about 10% respectively over the verified 1958 outputs. The Plenum recommends that the State Council, on the basis of these targets, submit a proposal on adjusting the 1959 plan for development of the domestic economy to the Permanent Committee of the National People‘s Congress for examination and approval.

The 8th Plenum of the 8th Central Committee points out that the readjusted 1959 plan for development of the domestic economy remains a plan of continued leap forward. Steel output will be 4,000,000 tons above last year‘s 8,000,000 tons, an increase of 50%; coal output will increase by 65,000,000 tons, 24% more; the rates of increase of grain and cotton output will both greatly exceed the average yearly rates of increase during the 1st Five-Year Plan period (grain 3.7% and cotton 4.7%). By fulfilling this year‘s readjusted domestic economic plan, we will have fulfilled, overfulfilled or nearly fulfilled the following targets originally set in the 2nd Five-Year Plan for fulfillment in 1962: steel, coal, timber, metallurgical equipment, power-generating equipment, metal-cutting machine tools, cotton yarn, machine-made paper, salt, grain and cotton. This will enable us, within the coming three years, to raise sharply the original targets of the 2nd Five-Year Plan and to devote greater efforts to strengthening certain weaker links in the domestic economy, and make it possible for us to strive to realize in the main, within about ten years the slogan „catch up with Britain in the output of major industrial products within 15 years“ and to overfulfill, at a much earlier date, the 12-year programme for agricultural development originally scheduled for completion in 1967.

The 8th Plenum of the 8th Central Committee points out that the present domestic and international situation is favorable for the realization of a continued leap forward in our domestic economy. Internally, industrial and agricultural production continues to grow; the people‘s communes in the countryside, following the check-up in the past months, are now advancing along the path of a consolidated and sound development; the labor enthusiasm of the mass of the workers and peasants continues to rise; the unity of the people of all nationalities in the country grows ever stronger; and science, culture and education continue their advance. Internationally, the strength of the socialist countries headed by the Soviet Union and their unity and cooperation are growing daily; the national independence movements and people‘s democratic movements in Asia, Africa and Latin America and the revolutionary struggles of the people in the other capitalist countries are expanding daily while the internal difficulties of the imperialist countries and the contradictions among them are daily increasing. The Plenum fully supports the efforts made by the Soviet Union at the Geneva Foreign Ministers‘ Conference and welcomes the announcements made by the Soviet Union and the United States on the exchange of visits between their heads of government. The Plenum holds that this is conducive to the further easing of international tension and helps the cause of defending world peace.

The 8th Plenum of the 8th Central Committee points out that the imperialists and their lackeys have, from the outset, viciously slandered and attacked out country‘s general line for building socialism, the Great Leap Forward and the people‘s commune movements. But they have suffered ignominious defeat. The potency of our country‘s general line for building socialism is being demonstrated in ever greater measure. Under the guidance of the general line, the people of our country not only took a great leap forward last year, but are continuing to leap forward this year; the rural people‘s communes not only have taken firm root, but are displaying their advantages ever more clearly. The imperialists and hostile elements within the country will continue to slander and try to sabotage the socialist construction of our country, nevertheless this will only serve to stimulate all our people to raise their revolutionary enthusiasm to a still higher level, and impel our whole Party and the people of all our nationalities to strengthen unity, firmly uphold the brilliant banner of the general line, and carry forward the great socialist cause of our country steadily, but also by leaps and bounds.

After analyzing the current situation, the 8th Plenum of the 8th Central Committee points out that the main danger now facing the achievement of a continued leap forward this year is the emergence of Right-opportunist ideas among some cadres. They do not try their best to accomplish tasks which, according to objective conditions and given subjective efforts, can be accomplished. They underestimate the great achievements made by the hundreds of millions of working people and the revolutionary intellectuals in the Great Leap Forward movement and the people‘s commune movement and overemphasize the seriousness of certain defects which, owing to lack of experience, occurred in the two movements and which have been quickly overcome. They slander as small-bourgeois fanaticism“ the Great Leap Forward and the people‘s commune movements in which hundreds of millions of working people have been vigorously engaged under the directorship of the Party. This is utterly wrong. They fail to see that in all pursuits undertaken by the people under the directorship of the Party, the achievements are the main things, while defects and mistakes are secondary and are merely one finger out of the ten. The Plenum enjoins Party committees at all levels to criticize and overcome resolutely such erroneous Right-opportunist ideas among some cadres, firmly put politics in command, fully mobilize the masses, go all out and strive to fulfill and overfulfill this year‘s leap forward plan.

The 8th Plenum of the 8th Central Committee points out that in order to fulfill this year‘s leap forward plan, very arduous tasks must be dealt with on the economic front in the second half of this year. The Plenum calls on Party committees at all levels to make good use of the last month and more remaining of the third quarter to give vigorous directorship to the mass campaign for increasing production and practicing economy which is in full swing on the industrial, agricultural, transport and trade fronts so as to greet the 10th anniversary of the founding of our People‘s Republic with even more brilliant successes.

The 8th Plenum of the 8th Central Committee calls on the whole Party and the people of all nationalities in the country to work with one will, to unite more closely and, under the directorship of the Central Committee of the Party headed by Chairman Mao Tse-tung, and with the beacon light of the general line, to forge ahead valiantly to carry out this year‘s domestic economic plan and fulfill ahead of schedule within this year the main targets of the 2nd Five-Year Plan!

26.08.1959
CENTRAL COMMITTEE
COMMUNIST PARTY OF CHINA


2. RESOLUTION ON DEVELOPING THE CAMPAIGN FOR INCREASING PRODUCTION AND PRACTICING ECONOMY

A

The domestic economy of our country, on the basis of the unprecedentedly great leap forward in 1958, scored new great victories in the first half of 1959. Last year‘s and this year‘s victories fully testify to the absolute correctness of the Party‘s general line — go all out, aim high and get greater, quicker, better and more economical results to build socialism. To ensure this year‘s continued leap forward, great efforts have still to be made in the coming four months and more. The 8th Plenum of the 8th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China holds that the central task confronting the whole Party and the people of all nationalities throughout the country now is to develop intensively a vigorous mass campaign for increasing production and practicing economy and strive for the fulfillment and overfulfillment of the production and construction plan of 1959. The precious time of the coming month or more should especially be made good use of to set going a new upsurge in production so as to win a decisive victory for industry, agriculture and transportation in the third quarter to greet the 10th anniversary of the founding of the great People‘s Republic of China.

B

The total output value of industry in the first half of this year was 65% more than that in the corresponding period of last year. Pig iron reached 9,500,000 tons; coal, 174,000,000 tons; and metal-cutting machine tools, 45,000 units. In each case output was more than double that in the corresponding period of last year. Steel (excluding steel made by indigenous methods) amounted to 5,300,000 tons, an increase of 66% over the corresponding period of last year. Cotton yarn amounted to 4,147,000 bales, and sugar, 780,000 tons; both represented an increase of 40% and more over the corresponding period of last year. Other heavy and light industrial products also registered very great increases. The quality of various industrial products has improved from month to month. This is especially marked in the case of iron and steel. In iron smelting, small and medium-sized blast furnaces have quickly taken the place of small indigenous furnaces set up last winter in conformity with the conditions of that time. The technical level in operating such small and medium-sized blast furnaces, moreover, has been rapidly raised, thus not only saving a large amount of labor power and increasing their total output to approximately the same amount produced by all the large blast furnaces, but also improving the quality of their products and reducing coal consumption. The volume of railways freight reached 247,000,000 tons, exceeding that of the corresponding period of last year by 49%.

In agriculture, although the acreage planted to summer crops this year was somewhat reduced, and there were floods and drought, yet the average per mu yields of wheat, early rice and rapeseed greatly surpassed those of last year and their total outputs also exceeded those of last year.

A check-up has been carried out in the rural people‘s communes throughout the country in accordance with the resolution of the 6th Plenum of the 8th Central Committee of the Party adopted last December, the resolution of the Meeting of the Expanded Political Bureau of the Central Committee held in Chengchow in February this year and the series of directives issued by the Central Committee subsequently. During the check-up, the principles of management and business accounting at different levels, of to each according to their work“ and more income for those who do more work have been implemented. It has been decided that at the present stage a three-level type of ownership of the means of production should be instituted the people‘s communes. Ownership at the production brigade level constitutes the basic one. Ownership at the commune level constitutes another part (in addition to ownership of the public economic undertakings run by the commune, the commune can draw each year a reasonable amount for its capital accumulation fund from the income of the production brigades). A small part of the ownership should also be vested in the production team. In this way, the people‘s communes, which are large in size, which integrate industry, agriculture, trade, education and military affairs and which combine government and commune administration into one, have overcome the tendencies which, owing to lack of experience, occurred during the initial period of their founding, such as the tendencies to overcentralization, to egalitarianism and extravagance, and have rapidly taken the road of sound and consolidated development. In this way, the advantages of the people‘s communes will come into play more and more clearly — being large in scale and having a wide range of activities, they can plan the production and distribution of the whole commune in a unified way; they can, more effectively than the agricultural producers‘ cooperatives, fully mobilize and rationally deploy labor power in the rural areas; they can undertake constructive tasks which the cooperatives could hardly handle; they can facilitate the speedy integrated development of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, side-occupations and fishery and also of industry, agriculture, trade, education and military affairs, the mechanization of farming, the steady increase of the incomes of the peasants, rapid progress in rural life as a whole, and the development of collective undertakings such as community dining rooms and nurseries; and they can provide that a certain portion of their distribution system is in the nature of free supply, etc.

With regard to trade, the volume of retail sales in the first half of this year amounted to 29,600,000,000 yuan, exceeding that of the corresponding period of last year by 23%. The sale of grain was 12% more than in the corresponding period of last year, while retail sales of other major consumer goods such as vegetables, cigarettes, cotton piece goods, knitwears, leather shoes, soap, stationery and medicines also considerably exceeded those of the corresponding period of last year. But because the purchasing power of the people increased even more quickly, there was a bit of a strain in the supply situation on the market with regard to a small number of commodities. Thanks to the series of measures taken by the Party and the Government, a change has rapidly taken place in the situation and a radical change will certainly take place in due time.

To sum up, the various branches of the domestic economy in the first half of this year was on the whole in good shape and the situation is favorable for the realization of this year‘s continued leap forward.

C

In the light of the verified figures on last year‘s agricultural output, the actual implementation of the domestic economic plan in the first half of this year and recent occurrence of natural calamities, the 8th Plenum of the 8th Central Committee recommends that the State Council submit to the Permanent Committee of the National People‘s Congress a proposal for appropriate readjustment of the 1959 plan, fixing the following targets: steel (excluding that made by indigenous methods), 12,000,000 tons (an increase of 50% over last year‘s output of 8,000,000 tons of steel produced with modern equipment; in view of the shortage of labor power in the rural areas, it is suggested that this year the production of steel by indigenous methods should be decided upon by the local authorities themselves in accordance with local conditions and will not be included in the State plan); coal, 335,000,000 tons (an increase of 24% over last year‘s coal output of 270,000,000 tons); grain, about 10% above last year‘s verified output of 500,000,000,000 jin (250,000,000 tons); cotton, about 10% above last year‘s verified output of 42,000,000 dan (2,100,000 tons). It is quite clear that the readjusted domestic economic plan remains a plan for a continued leap forward; it is also one which can be overfulfilled and hence can all the more encourage the initiative of the working people.

As a result of the leap forward in 1958, we have fulfilled four years ahead of schedule the targets for coal, timber, salt and grain envisaged in the 2nd Five-Year Plan drawn up in 1956. After realizing this year‘s plan for a continued leap forward, we will have fulfilled or nearly fulfilled, three years ahead of schedule, the targets envisaged in the 2nd Five-Year Plan for such major industrial and agricultural products as steel, metallurgical equipment, power-generating equipment, metal-cutting machine tools, machine-made paper, cotton and cotton yarn. Thus it will be possible for us, within about ten years, counting from 1958, to realize the slogan „catch up with Britain in the output of major industrial products within 15 years“. It will also be possible for us to overfulfill the 12-year programme for agricultural development (1956-67) a long way ahead of schedule. Moreover, the successful fulfillment of this year‘s industrial production and construction plan and the winning this year of a bumper harvest in food and industrial crops will, to a large extent, determine the tempo of our industrial and agricultural development next year. Therefore, the whole Party and the entire country must unite as one, go all out, develop a vigorous campaign for increasing production and practicing economy in the coming four-odd months and strive by every means to fulfill and overfulfill this year‘s plan for a continued leap forward.

D

Efforts must be made to increase production in industry, agriculture and transport; a socialist labor emulation campaign should be launched. This is, at the present time, the noblest task of the workers, peasants and revolutionary intellectuals throughout the country.

In industry, special attention should first of all be paid to the production of raw and other materials, fuel and electric power, and especially iron, steel, rolled steel, coal, timber, cement and raw materials for the chemical industry. Great efforts should be made to overfulfill the output targets in these industries. The machine-building industry should in the first place ensure the production of all equipment urgently required this year and deliver it in whole sets according to schedule. It should also prompty and properly handle the problem of semi-finished products. All key enterprises should fulfill and overfulfill the State plan according to required standards of quality, quantity and specifications and also according to monthly and ten-day schedules. Small and medium-sized local enterprises should also, in conformity with the requirements of the State plan, fulfill the targets for quality as well as for quantity. They should do their best to reduce the proportion of sub-grade products and eliminate rejects. Great efforts should further be made, in particular, to improve the quality of pig iron produced by small and medium-sized blast furnaces and of steel produced by converters. The production of light industrial and handicraft products for the daily use of the people should be increased as quickly as possible and all potentialities should be tapped to expand raw material resources for these products. All enterprises should improve management, maintenance and repair of equipment and ensure safety in production. In the field of capital construction, resources should be concentrated to guarantee swifter construction of important projects, particularly those which need to go into production into this year, and see that capital investments yield quick results. Labor power throughout the country must be deployed more rationally by further transferring surplus labor power in industrial production and construction back to the rural areas so far as is possible or to other fields where labor power is urgently needed. Further efforts should be made to increase the productivity of labor.

In agriculture, great attention should be paid in the coming two months to the field management of food and industrial crops, weeding, dressing with fertilizer and the prevention and combating of plant diseases and insect pests so that a bumper harvest can be reaped. This year‘s autumn crops generally did well during the initial stage. But following the big floods in the south, the central areas of our country are now suffering from a serious dry spell and some areas in the north have been subjected to floods or water-logging. These natural calamities must be overcome before we can fulfill this year‘s plan for increased production. Humanity will conquer nature. Where natural calamities have occurred, the Party organizations must resolutely direct all people urgently to organize manpower and material resources, make full use of all existing water conservancy facilities and fight tenaciously to overcome the serious natural calamities, safeguard the autumn harvest and organize relief through production. In the coming two months, adequate preparations must also be made for autumn harvesting, ploughing and sowing. These include the allocation of labor power, readying of implements, autumn composting, etc. In autumn harvesting, last year‘s lesson must be borne in mind. Good work must be done in reaping, threshing, storing, delivering, distributing and safekeeping so that nothing is lost. After the autumn, labor power must be rationally deployed and diverse undertakings in forestry, animal husbandry, side-occuptions and fishery strengthened. Meanwhile, no time should be lost in completing the check-up in the people‘s communes, in settling the remaining problems properly and building up the communes even better.

In transport, the primary emphasis must now be laid on the transport of coal, timber, grain, ores and building materials. After the autumn harvest, attention should at the same time be paid to the transport of autumn agricultural produce. All freight which can be handled earlier should, as far as possible, be transported during the third quarter, so that the burden of freight transport in the fourth quarter can be lessened. To improve short-distance transport, slack intervals in farming should be made use of everywhere to energetically organize rural manpower and means of transport and develop a mass campaign for short-distance transport.

Trade organizations should work energetically in conjunction with the campaigns on the various production fronts for increased production and make big efforts to organize a good supply of means of production to the cities and countryside and the purchase of agricultural, light industrial and handicraft products. Warehouse stocks should be carefully checked; commodities must be rationally allocated and distributed; and the supply of consumer goods must be organized systematically.

E

There must be a rigorous practice of economy while production is being increased vigorously. Increasing production and practicing economy; building the country and running the people‘s communes, all enterprises and undertakings and homes industriously and thriftily — this is the way to make our country prosperous and strong; this is also the key to fulfilling and overfulfilling this year‘s plan.

All industrial enterprises must, while ensuring quality, make great efforts to economize raw and other materials, fuel and power. Metallurgical and power industries, railways, enterprises engaged in water transport and other industrial departments must work out strict plans to economize on the use of coal and enforce these plans resolutely. Heavy industrial enterprises and capital construction units must make great efforts to economize on the consumption of rolled steel and timber. Light industrial enterprises must make great efforts to economize on the consumption of agricultural raw materials. In agricultural production, good care must be taken of draught animals and implements. Water, manure and seeds must not be wasted. Attention must be paid to economizing labor power and circulating funds in industry, transport, agriculture and other enterprises and undertakings.

Education in economy should be carried out extensively in city and countryside throughout the land. State organs should first of all set an example of industry and thrift by reducing all expenses that can be cut. This economizing of grain, coal and other consumer goods which are not yet in abundant supply should be promoted among the people and waste combated. All rural people‘s communes must manage and use their grains well. Long-term overall planning should be worked out with regard to the production and consumption of grains, potatoes, pumpkins, vegetables, fodder and fuel in accordance with the need to provide against contingencies and make reserves last a long time. The people‘s communes should strive to increase the marketable part of their non-staple food products such as fish, meat, chickens, ducks, eggs and edible oil, so as to secure more income for the commune members, and increase the supplies for the cities and for export in support of the great cause of socialist construction. With regard to the community dining halls in the rural areas, the principle of making vigorous efforts to run them well and voluntary participation should be adhered to; grains should be distributed to each family on the basis of a fixed allocation for each individual; a food ticket system should be introduced in the community dining halls, with unconsumed food being returned to the person who saves it. The practice of saving should be vigorously promoted among the people of the cities and the countryside, so that money which the individual does not need to spend for the time being can be rationally and effectively used for construction in the interests both of the State and the family. The whole Party and the entire country should be told that we should be skilled not only in handling production, but also in arranging our livelihood and housekeeping, making careful budgets and keeping reserves against need. As long as the government and the people work with one mind and vigorously increase production and practice economy, our country will certainly be able to surmount any obstacles in the way of our advance and grow with each passing day, to secure a thriving and prosperous life for the whole people.

F

The general line, the Great Leap Forward and the people‘s communes — these embody the great determination and wisdom of the 650,000,000 industrious and brave people of our country; they are the products of the creative integration of the universal truths of marxism-leninism with the practical situation in China achieved by Chairman Mao Tse-tung, great leader of our Party and of the people of all nationalities in our country. We achieved great victories last year and in the first half of this year precisely because, in socialist construction, we strengthened the directing role of the Party, firmly put politics in command, resolutely adhered to the working method of the mass line and staunchly upheld the glorious banners of the general line, the Great Leap Forward and the people‘s communes. In the future we will continue to advance valiantly along this glorious and victorious road and strive for great new victories.

The experience of 1958 very clearly proved that the wisdom and strength of the masses is unlimited. Enlightened and directed by our Party and led by Chairman Mao Tse-tung, and inspired by and organized under our Party‘s general line, this wisdom and strength has become as irresistible as a mighty force under whose impact high mountains bow their heads and broad rivers make way. To our people, the Great Leap Forward and the people‘s communes are new things which have no precedent in history. In the course of their advance it is naturally inevitable that certain difficulties are met with and that there are some shortcomings. But the masses of the people, under the close guidance of our Party and Chairman Mao Tse-tung, have quickly solved, or are quickly solving, these problems of a transient and local nature. Enemy elements hostile to the socialist cause of our country, both within our country and without, have seized the opportunity to slander us in an attempt to influence certain unstable elements within our ranks. But no reactionaries can in the least shake the great resolve of our Party and our 650,000,000 people. On the contrary, the great mass of cadres and people are full of confidence that our achievements are exceptionally great and our future is extremely bright. The 8th Plenum of the 8th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China calls upon the whole Party and the people of all nationalities of the country, under the directorship of the Central Committee of the Party and the leadership of Chairman Mao Tse-tung, to unite more closely, resolutely surmount all difficulties and correct all shortcomings in our work, overcome the Right-opportunist sentiments among some unstable elements, deal telling blows to the disruptive activities of anti-socialist elements, fight for this year‘s great victories and strive to fulfill ahead of schedule within these two years (1958-59) the major targets of the 2nd Five-Year Plan. In order to fulfill and overfulfill the plan for the third quarter and greet the 10th anniversary of the founding of our great People‘s Republic of China with a great, new upsurge in production!

16.08.1959
CENTRAL COMMITTEE
COMMUNIST PARTY OF CHINA