Proletarians of all countries, unite!
There is one goal, the conquest of power!
LETTER TO LIN PIAO
NOTES ON THE REPORT ON FURTHER IMPROVING THE ARMY‘S AGRICULTURAL WORK BY THE REAR SERVICE DEPARTMENT OF THE CENTRAL MILITARY COMMISSION
Chairman Mao Tse-tung
The Red Flag
LETTER TO LIN PIAO
Dear Comrade Lin Piao,
I have received the report from the Rear Service Department which you sent me on the 6th ofs May. I think it is an excellent plan. Is it possible to send this report to all the military districts and ask them to hold discussions of it among the cadres at the army and division levels? Their views should be reported to the Military Commission and through it to the Central Committee for approval. After that, suitable directives should be issued to them. Please consider this.
In the absence of a world war, our army should be a big school. Even under conditions of the 3rd World War, it can still serve as a big school. In addition to fighting the war, it must do other work. In the eight years of the 2nd World War, did we not do just that in the anti-Japanese support bases? In this big school, the army should learn politics, military affairs, and culture, and engage in agricultural production. It can build up its own middle- and small-size workshops to produce goods for its own use and the exchange of other goods of equal value. It can take part in mass work, factory work, and rural socialist education. After socialist education, there are always other kinds of mass work for it to do, to unite the army and people as one. The army should also participate in the revolutionary struggle against capitalist culture. In this way, it carries out military-educational, military-agricultural, military-industrial, and military-civilian work. Naturally, these kinds of work should be properly coordinated and a distinction should be made between major and subsidiary work. A unit can select one or two from the agricultural, industrial, and civilian combination, but not all three. In this way, the tremendous power of several million soldiers will be felt.
Likewise, workers should, in addition to their main industrial work, learn military affairs, politics, and culture, and take part in the socialist educational movement and in criticizing the capitalist class. Under adequate conditions, they should also engage in agricultural production, following the example of the Taching Oilfield.
The communes do their main agricultural work (including forestry, fishing, animal husbandry, and subsidiary trades), but they must also learn military affairs, politics, and culture. When circumstances allow, they should collectively set up small-scale factories and take part in criticizing the capitalist class.
The students are in a similar position. Their studies are their chief work; they must also learn other things. In other words, they ought to learn industrial, agricultural, and military work in addition to class work. The school years should be shortened, education should be revolutionized, and the domination of our schools by bourgeois intellectuals should by no means be allowed to continue.
Under favourable conditions, people in commerce, service trades, and Party and government offices should do likewise.
What has been said above is neither new nor original. Many people have been doing this for some time, but it has not yet become widespread. Our army has been working in this way for decades. Now it is on the threshold of new developments.