Long Live Maoism!

A resolution in which the Communist Party of Peru reaffirmed its basis of Party unity and the need for continuing the people's war.

Proletarians of all countries, unite!




Central Committee
Communist Party of Peru
August 1993

Red Flag Publications
Lima, 1993

Reproduced by
The Red Flag

This Resolution of the Emergency Central Committee of the Communist Party of Peru was adopted at its 1st Work Session in August 1993. It served to reaffirm the basis of Party unity and continue the people‘s war.


«Maoism, embodying itself within the peoples of the world, is marching unstoppably to command the new great wave of the proletarian world revolution.»

Chairman Gonzaloi

Chairman Gonzalo, leader of the Party and the revolution, continuator of Marx, Lenin and Chairman Mao Zedong, established in his historic and masterful speech of September 24th that shines defiantly before the world: «Next year will be the 100th anniversary of the birth of Chairman Mao Zedong. We must celebrate these 100 years! And we are organizing it with the Communist Parties. We want a new manner, a celebration that will be the conscious comprehension of the importance of Chairman Mao in the world revolution and we shall begin the celebration this year and we shall finish it the next. It will be a grand process of celebration.» The Central Committee of the Communist Party of Peru, with profound marxist-leninist-maoist, Gonzalo thought conviction, is assuming this transcendental and strategic task with firmness and communist resolution. We are convoking the Peruvian proletariat and people and in unison the Communist Parties, the Revolutionary Internationalist Movementii, the international proletariat and the oppressed peoples and nations of the world to develop it and complete it, hoisting to the top the great red flag of «Long live maoism!» intimately and indissolubly linked to the campaign «Defend Chairman Gonzalo‘s Life!».

In its incessant struggle to pass from the kingdom of necessity to the kingdom of liberty, humanity has generated the working class and this, with its inexhaustible and growing force, has given us marxism-leninism-maoism, mainly maoism, with which we shall storm the heavens. This highest peak of marxism was established by Chairman Mao Zedong who was born on December 26th, 1893, the son of peasants. Later he studied to become a teacher and became a great organizer of peasants and youth in Hunan, his native province; founder of the Communist Party of China and the Red Army of Workers and Peasants, he established the path of surrounding the cities from the countryside and developed the people‘s war, and with it the military theory of the proletariat; theoretician of new democracy, he founded the People‘s Republic, impelled the development of socialism and directed the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution. These are milestones, which stake out a life totally and completely dedicated to revolution.

The 1st Congress of the Party agreed that the main thing in Gonzalo thought is having defined maoism as the new, third and higher stage, because Chairman Mao Zedong has developed marxism in each of its three integral parts: marxist philosophy, political economy and scientific socialism, therefore making a universally valid development. Similarly Chairman Gonzalo has masterfully established that what is fundamental in maoism is political power. «Power for the proletariat, power for the dictatorship of the proletariat, power based on an armed force directed by the Communist Party»iii, and he defines: «Maoism is the elevation of marxism-leninism to a new, third, and higher stage in the struggle for the democratic revolution, the development of the construction of socialism and the continuation of the revolution under the proletarian dictatorship as a proletarian cultural revolution, when imperialism deepens its decomposition and revolution has become the main tendency of history, amidst the most complex and largest wars seen to date and the implacable struggle against contemporary revisionism.»iv Further ahead, with profound historic vision, he establishes that maoism marches to command the new great wave of the proletarian world revolution that is coming, which is irresistible and which no force in the world shall be capable of containing.

Chairman Gonzalo, upholding, defending and applying the universal truth to our concrete reality, has generated Gonzalo thought, the all-powerful weapon that guides the invincible people‘s war. Under the guidance of the heroic warrior, the Communist Party of Peru, and the Leadership of Chairman Gonzalo, the new State is flourishing, sustained by the People‘s Liberation Army, and through hard battles it is on the path of realizing our immediate goal: The conquest of power country-wide, establishing the People‘s Republic of Peru. Two roads face our country: One is murky, the bureaucratic road which is sinking in the worst crisis in history and which shall be totally demolished in the midst of the genocide with which it defends itself like a mortally wounded beast; the other path, the democratic path, is the path of light and hope which has begun to develop as the people‘s road of liberation. 13 years of marxist-leninist-maoist, Gonzalo thought people‘s war, which since 1991 has been in the strategic stalemate, clearly show to the world and mainly to the Peruvian people that the Peruvian State is in essence a paper tiger and that the people are assuming more and more the task of preparing the strategic offensive through building the conquest of power with their own hands. It is precisely the Party, directing the People‘s Liberation Army, that has just finished achieving an all-around success with the culmination of the 1st Campaign «In Defense of the Leadership Against the Genocidal Dictatorship», showing in an obvious way the greatness of the 6th and penultimate Military Plan of Building the Conquest of Power within the 4th Strategic Plan of Development of the People‘s War to Conquer Power.

From the above it follows, we reiterate, that the celebration of the Chairman Mao centennial is a necessity, it is of historical transcendence, it has a profound strategic content, it is a glorious task corresponding to the strategic offensive of the world revolution and the new great wave of the proletarian world revolution, and it is inextricably linked with the campaign to «Defend Chairman Gonzalo‘s Life». We shall cover the Earth with waving red flags which, hoisting to the top the slogan «Long live maoism!», blaze jubilantly to salute the birth of Chairman Mao Zedong, great titan of thought and action, an unfading light whose life beat to its end with the imperishable light of marxism, with the omnipotent creative force of the masses and the spirit of serving the people.

This celebration serves the international communist movement and the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement. Since Marx we know that marxism has never taken a step in its life without struggle, defeating ideologies foreign to the class and combating and crushing the old and modern revisionism in the tempest of the international class struggle. This is how it has been forged and developed more powerfully, unconquered and unwithering as the always-living marxism-leninism-maoism, mainly maoism. Thus, the communists, the proletariat, the revolution, and marxism-leninism-maoism face complex situations, specifically since Gorbachevv and Dengvi headed up a new counter-revolutionary, revisionist offensive against marxism and the revolution. Afterwards, in the midst of the collusion and contention of the two superpowers, this ensued into a new counter-revolutionary offensive in which imperialism, revisionism and world reaction converged, today resulting in a generalized counter-revolutionary offensive which attempts to exorcize revolution as the main tendency, historically and politically. It is an offensive headed up by U.S. imperialism in its condition as the sole hegemonic power and big police officer, a rotten giant with feet of clay; a generalized counter-revolutionary offensive which aims to negate the ideology of the class through dark monstrosities like «the obsolescence of marxism», «the failure of socialism», «the totalitarianism of the dictatorship of the proletariat» and the «uselessness of the Communist Party», all of which demonstrate the theoretical and practical impotence of the bourgeoisie. Only in their drunken binge as arrogant victor and in their anti-historical dreams can they raise their rotten and ragged banners of neoliberalism, bourgeois democracy and eclectic and idealistic pragmatism. Thus, this generalized counter-revolutionary offensive is destined to fail and is no more than a prologue to a new development and advance of marxism. Marxism-leninism-maoism is the sole, undefeated and unwithering ideology of the proletariat. From this it follows that upholding, defending and applying marxism-leninism-maoism is decisive to develop the world proletarian revolution, demolish imperialism and international reaction and crush revisionism; and to be a marxist today is to be a larxist-leninist-maoist, mainly maoist.

The celebration of the centennial is also based on the grand experience of the campaign unfurled for the 90th anniversary established by Chairman Gonzalo, which demands of us that we be more sagacious, more firm and more demanding with ourselves by applying: Wage the battle and you shall know how it ends. Thus it follows that we must strengthen all our actions guided by marxism-leninism-maoism, Gonzalo thought and mainly develop the people‘s war with ever more elevated plans and higher warlike actions, tensing all our forces, totally and completely fulfilling the task which our Chairman Gonzalo has established. We are plainly convinced that it shall be an indelible milestone in our revolution and the world revolution, serving to put maoism as the command and guide of the world revolution and to defend the Leadership, victoriously unfolding the marxist-leninist-maoist, Gonzalo thought counter-offensive, which shall crush the generalized counter-revolutionary offensive headed up by U.S. imperialism, the most ferocious and insolent of the imperialists, whose essence as a paper tiger shall once more be made evident.

The Communist Party of Peru greets the international proletariat, the peoples and oppressed nations of the Earth; it expresses its greeting and appreciation to the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement which, fulfilling its role as a step forward in the refounding of the international communist movement, is carrying out the campaign in defense of the life of Chairman Gonzalo under a very expressive slogan «Move heaven and earth to defend Chairman Gonzalo‘s life!», along with the Communist Parties, the revolutionary and people‘s organizations, the international proletariat and the different peoples of the globe, through demonstrations and militant actions which grow ever more powerful, showing that maoism is being embodied more and more in the peoples of the world and that it «marches unstoppably to command the new great wave of the proletarian world revolution».vii We communists have always struggled to unite ourselves, so let this celebration serve to unite us more, taking as a basis for unity marxism-leninism-maoism, the proletarian world revolution and the implacable fight against revisionism. In synthesis: Unite under maoism!

Finally, in celebrating the centennial of Chairman Mao Zedong with profound communist conviction, we reaffirm ourselves in our solemn promise to uphold, defend and apply marxism-leninism-maoism, mainly maoism, and struggle untiringly to help place it as the command and guide of the world revolution, the sole reddest and unfading flag which is the guarantee of victory for the proletariat, the oppressed nations and the peoples of the world in their inexorable march towards the golden and always shining communism.


Peru, August 1993

i See Abimael «Gonzalo» Guzmán: «The Speech from the Cage» (24.09.1992)

ii The Revolutionary Internationalist Movement was an international organization of communist parties and organizations, which was founded in Paris in 1984 at the 2nd International Conference of Marxist-Leninist Parties and Organizations. Before, the 1st International Conference had been held in 1980, at which 13 parties and organizations issued a Declaration «To the Marxist-Leninists, the Workers and the Oppressed». At its founding, the RIM adopted a Declaration. The Communist Party of Peru joined it shortly thereafter, pointing out several key problems in the RIM which would have to be overcome (see Abimael «Gonzalo» Guzmán: «Bases of Discussion for the General Political Line of the Communist Party of Peru», January 1988). On 26.12.1993, the RIM issued the declaration «Long Live Marxism-Leninism-Maoism!», proclaiming maoism to be the new, third and higher stage of marxism as defined and synthesized by Comrade Gonzalo. On 01.01.2000, the RIM issued the declaration «For a Century of People‘s Wars!», which proclaimed the universal validity of the strategy and tactics of people‘s war. However, inside the RIM, several factions had emerged. The Left was centered in the Peru People‘s Movement, the organization generated by the Communist Party of Peru for the Party work abroad. The Center included some different parties and organizations supporting the Communist Party of Peru. The Right consisted of several factions: One headed by Bob Avakian of the Revolutionary Communist Party, USA, one headed by Miriam of the 2nd Right-opportunist line in Peru, and one headed by Prachanda of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). These three revisionist factions colluded and contended in order to split apart the RIM and cause its collapse. The Left, due to problems of dogmatism, did not manage to win over the Center-Right (the vast majority of RIM members) and the organization thus collapsed. It was formally dissolved in 2012.

iii See Abimael «Gonzalo» Guzmán: «On Marxism-Leninism-Maoism» (January 1988)

iv Ibid.

v Mikhail Gorbachev (1931-) is a Russian social-democratic politician who was the leader of the Soviet Union from 1985 until its dissolution in 1991. Gorbachev continued Khrushchev‘s variant of revisionism and granted more economic and political power to the non-State-monopoly bourgeoisie in the Soviet Union, headed by Boris Yeltsin, which eventually seized the chance to carry out a State coup, dissolving the Union of Socialist Council Republics on 25.12.1991.

vi Deng Xiaoping (1904-97) was a Chinese revisionist politician who, after the victory of the new-democratic revolution in China in 1949, worked under Liu Shaoqi‘s leadership to restore capitalism in China and to turn it into an imperialist power. He was condemned during the Cultural Revolution, rehabilitated after a sham self-criticism in 1973, then condemned again in 1976 after ordering workers to be shot for protesting. He then carried out a counter-revolutionary State coup in October 1976, one month after Mao Zedong‘s death, against Mao‘s comrade and wife, Jiang Qing, and other comrades such as Zhang Chunqiao. After a brief period in which the revisionist Hua Guofeng formally ruled China, Deng took over officially, formally ending the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution and initiating a period of «opening up» and «market reforms», through which the Chinese State-monopoly bourgeoisie managed to strengthen its own economic and political power, avoiding a collapse of social-fascism like in the Soviet Union. Deng Xiaoping‘s rule saw China develop from a powerful socialist country into a social-imperialist power, which today has become a social-imperialist superpower.

vii See Abimael «Gonzalo» Guzmán: «On Marxism-Leninism-Maoism» (January 1988)