PEOPLE’S WAR REPORT: New Actions (Including Demonstration Videos!) + Part 1 of an Article Series on Imperialism in the Philippines

Report every two weeks on the newest actions from the people’s wars of the world + a revolutionary short article.

People’s War Report
25.03.2022

Produced by
The Red Flag

NEW ACTIONS

INDIA

ARMED AGITATION AND PROPAGANDA

08.03.2022: Women‘s demonstration with over 10,000 participants in Bastar on International Women‘s Day of Struggle. The demonstration declared that the only path to women‘s liberation is revolution. Homage was paid to all female martyrs that have given their life to for the Indian revolution and the increasing patriarchal violence of the reactionary armed forces against fighting women in India was denounced.

20.-23.03.2022: The Communist Party of India (Maoist) published two videos of demonstrations in India that were organized to greet the International Committee to Support the People‘s War in India and in solidarity with the Communist Party of the Philippines and the New People‘s Army. The videos can be watched here:

GUERRILLA COMBAT

14.03.2022: Explosives attack against paramilitaries in the Sonpu area (Narayanpur, Chhattisgarh). An assistant sub-inspector was killed and his colleague, a head constable, was wounded.

21.03.2022: Assault on the Elmagunda camp of a Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) battalion (Sukma district, Chhattisgarh). Three reactionary soldiers were wounded and had to be brought to the hospital.

SABOTAGE

22.03.2022: Arson attack against seven road construction vehicles and machines in Maatlab village (Kanker district, Chhattisgarh). A cement mixer, a JCB tractor and a water tanker were among the destroyed machines. According to bourgeois rumors, the colleagues also annihilated a vigilante trooper nearby on 21.03.2022.

GENERAL STRIKE IN BIHAR-JHARKHAND

07.03.2022: The East Division Committee of the CPI(Maoist) denounced K. Bhagyalakshmi, a legislative assembly member, for handing out bauxite mining contracts to imperialist mining monopolies in the area in order to have a share in the profits made off of exploiting the people and the environment. Also, on the 10.03., a strike was called across the state of Bihar-Jharkhand against Indian State‘s ongoing genocidal offensive «Prahaar-3». In Gaya, a bomb planted on train tracks shut down the railway for three hours, red soldiers set fire to a road construction machine and schools, offices etc. were closed up. Party cadres distributed leaflets in the villages warning the residents about the ongoing offensive being carried out by the Central Reserve Police Force and the Bihar police in the forest areas nearby. As one Party speaker pointed out, the Indian reactionaries are fighting in the same deadly way as the Russian imperialists in Ukraine (with bombings and selective killings of civilians to name only two examples), with the only difference being that the Indian State takes the imperialists‘ dirty work for them so they can fully focus on plundering the environment and the people.

THE PHILIPPINES

SELECTIVE ANNIHILATION

21.03.2022: Annihilation of assistant officer Darryl Jay Rivera of the 4th Infantry Division of the Philippine Army. He was ambushed by the New People‘s army while he was on the way home from a operation of the Regional Task Force to End Local Communist Armed Conflict together with a Citizen Active Auxiliary rat.


IMPERIALISTS, GET OUT! THE PHILIPPINES ARE NOT A CHESSBOARD! PART 1: CHINA

INTRODUCTION: SOCIALIST CHINA VS. TODAY‘S CHINA

Everyone who knows this website and its positions will know that we uphold socialist China which existed until 1976 as humanity‘s greatest victory in the fight for freedom and communism up to this day. However, our support for this socialist society that existed in the 20th century does not mean that we are in any way associated with modern China‘s fascist dictatorship; in fact, the opposite is true!

Because socialist China between 1949 and 1976 had no social credit system, no horrendous factory lines with suicidal workers and it definitely didn‘t pursue investment projects in other countries in order to exploit the people there. Poverty and hunger were abolished in the course of socialist construction; the State guaranteed that everyone had food and a job. This was possible because the working class was in power and oppressed the capitalist class. Thanks to this fact, the revolution gave the Chinese masses the power to transform their conditions in a way that caused old relations imported from the capitalist system to start to disappear. The process was led by the true communists in the country and thanks to the common people‘s efforts, all kinds of economic, political and cultural changes took place. A life blossomed in which workers and peasants collectively organized the use of their factory or their soil, soldiers were trained to serve the common people instead of being made into murderers, childcare and healthcare was available to all members of society, patriarchy was slowly overcome through constructive struggles and interpersonal conflicts were solved directly and aimed at improvement instead of people breaking off contact or suing each other. This process mainly happened in the cultural revolution of 1966-76.

However, socialism is by no means perfect, as it‘s only a transitional phase from capitalism to communism (the society without humans exploiting other humans). Therefore, the danger of working class power being usurped and capitalism being restored is always present. In order for this danger to be overcome, private property and exploitation would have to stop existing (this is a very brief explanation of the matter); but in China, both still did. For example, there were still a lot of small peasants who privately owned their soil, even though they only used it for themselves. Also, the socialist State and the Communist Party still had full-time functionaries that were paid in wages whose value had come from other people‘s labor, which is technically a form of exploitation. In order to prevent capitalism from returning through the back door, the true communists in China — who were led by Mao Zedong — always fought for these roots of the old society to be restricted, for example by collectivizing land plots or making functionaries be required to work next to their duties. We highly encourage anyone who wants to engage with this question in more detail to study the document «Once Again, Yan‘an» that was written by Edith B. and published by The Red Flag.

If the Right (by which we mean the representatives of the capitalist class in socialism) takes power in a socialist country, it will stop these restrictions, bring back capitalism and turn everything the working masses have accomplished against them. In China, two such rightist takeovers could be prevented (Liu Shaoqi was ousted in 1966 and Lin Biao‘s coup was foiled in 1971). The third time however, the Left committed mistakes, which led to the fake communist Hua Guofeng seizing power and handing it over to the capitalist reformer and partner in crime Deng Xiaoping in 1978.

In the course of the next decades, everything was reversed. For example, in China‘s countryside all agricultural communes and cooperatives were dissolved, with peasant families having to enter into contracts with the State in order to cultivate their land. The ensuing competition led to a division into rich and poor peasants; the abolition of a prohibition on land sale in 1988 only sped up this process. Millions of peasants were pauperized and had to flee to the cities where they became wage laborers. The process very much resembled what happened when capitalism developed in Europe centuries ago. Mass participation in government was also abolished. A State monopoly capitalism emerged: the Chinese State itself became the largest capitalist through its State companies and banks.

CHINA TURNS SOCIAL-IMPERIALIST

China joined the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank in 1988. The country‘s doors were opened for foreign investors in order to accelerate the development of capitalism. Meanwhile, the Chinese State started preparing to export capital itself. The financial resources for domestic and foreign trade exploded: It went from about 153,552,300,000 CHF in 2000 to about 3,075,699,100,000 CHF in 2012. In 2017, China‘s foreign trade resources were as large as the next six countries on the list combined.

China invests a lot of money in other imperialist countries. The Chinese State is the largest money-lender to the United States and lent other imperialist countries more money than the World Bank in the mid 2010s. However, China‘s main targets are oppressed nations. As an imperialist country, it has to export (a.k.a. invest) capital into other countries in order to gain economic and political control over them if it wants to keep up with its global rivals such as the U.S., Russia and the E.U. The numbers confirm this: In the last ten years, 42 countries have received Chinese investments amounting to over 10% of their gross domestic product. In 2017, Ceylon (which the Buddhist Nazis and murderers of Tamil people who rule the country call «Sri Lanka») experienced first-hand what happens if you don‘t pay China‘s investments back. After it was unable to pay back a debt of about 930,620,000 CHF for development projects, the country had to hand over its second-largest harbor, Hambantota Harbor.

When the financial crisis hit in 2008, China seized the opportunity to conduct huge amounts of foreign direct investment (FDI) in other countries and hence increase its influence. In February 2009 alone, about 60,490,300,000 CHF were invested in this way. China‘s FDI balance from 2009 already demonstrates that the country was headed for imperialism from the moment socialism fell — its FDI in other countries amounted to 14-17,000,000,000 CHF, almost double the amount of other countries‘ FDI in China (74-83 billion CHF). Modern-day China is social-imperialist: socialist in words, but imperialist in deeds.

THE «SOUTH CHINESE SEA»

The sea to the south of China is one of the world economy‘s most important geographical locations, with a third of global ship transport or 2,791,000,000,000 CHF crossing through the sea each year. Over half of the world‘s fishing vessels conduct 12% of the world‘s fishery here, making the sea essential to the survival of the people in multiple countries adjacent to it. To top it off, the sea is incredibly rich in natural resources: The USA estimates that 5,380,000,000,000 natural gas and 1,000,000,000 barrels of crude oil are stored in the region, while China estimates about 14,160,000,000,000 cubic meters of natural gas and 125,000,000,000 barrels of crude oil.

The U.N. Charter on the Law Of Seas (UNCLOS) defines the following rules for maritime territory: If a country has a sea coast, it can claim the adjacent sea area at three levels. The first 12 nautical miles starting from the mainland are the country‘s territorial zone, followed by a 12-nautical-mile zone of limited control which is in turn followed by 200 nautical miles of so-called «Exclusive Economic Zone» (EEZ).

On the basis of this charter, countries around the sea south of China have been laying claims to maritime territory there for decades (for example, Vietnam and the Philippines, two countries that are currently mainly controlled by Yankee imperialism, started laying claims in 1970). China is the last to the game, but this doesn‘t change the vast importance the sea has for its expansion plans. Because of this, the State is utilizing an old trick to gain control over the sea. Since the sea a country wants to claim must border on the country‘s territory, China is simply annexing small groups of islands or even just rocks in order to extend the «South Chinese Sea» and lay claims to all the riches and shipping supply chains in the area. China is legitimizing this by referring to a decades-old sea map from 1947 that declares 80% of the sea to be the «South Chinese Sea». In doing so, it is violating the territorial sovereignity of all countries around the sea (meaning Vietnam, Malaya, Brunei and the Philippines).

One of the strategically most important groups of islands in the sea are the Spratly Islands, on which all countries in the area have laid territorial claims. China is simply the most aggressive annexer among them. It claimed the first island in 1988 and in 1995, the first large construction project followed — «Mischief Reef» was seized and the state went on to construct a marine and airforce base that spans 550 hectares and focuses on surveillance. By now, aerial photographs of the area show airways, harbors and radar stations and the «territory» which was partly only built on rocks has accommodations for 24 warplanes, advanced naval communication technology and missile launchers.

This image created by Bloomberg is already two years old; this map would have a bunch more red dots by now.

However, the fact is that this sea is not mainly the South Chinese Sea — a lot of it is in fact the West Philippine Sea! 5/6 of the 12% global fish catch mentioned above happens in the West Philippine Sea and a significant amount of the natural resources also lie inside the Philippines‘ EEZ.

Imperialists, get out!

Lenin always emphasized that the main characteristic of imperialism is the division and redivision of the world into a small amount of imperialist countries and a large number of oppressed countries under imperialist control, with the imperialist countries engaging in a constant struggle for economic, political and military control over the largest exploitable area — the «largest piece of the pie».

China is no different. One of the largest plans the social-imperialists are pursuing is the establishment of the «Silk Road Free Trade Zone» that they want to realize through the «One Belt, One Road» initiative. This «Belt and Road» initiative is a huge construction and investment project; China aims to create six economic corridors branching away from the country in all directions in order to gain access to more foreign markets.

For these plans to be imposed, China has poured enormous amounts of resources into its military. The country is in a situation similar to Germany before the 1st World War — it‘s a young imperialist power and hence it has to be especially aggressive. The Chinese military is the second largest in the world after the U.S. military, is growing the fastest and the country became a nuclear power last year. According to some estimates, the Chinese and U.S. militaries will be equals by 2030.

The fifth of China‘s six corridors is the most interesting for this article; if completed, it will start in the East Vietnam Sea and lead through Singapore, Thailand and Malaya into the Indian Ocean. This corridor would give China direct access to 60 countries including the oil countries of Central and Western Asia, enabling the the social-imperialists to import oil more cheaply and exert control over other countries‘ transport. Indonesia is also a of oil and goods.

Up until the 2010s, various Chinese State departments and other interest groups operated in the «South Chinese Sea» independently from each other and in an uncoordinated manner. When the Chinese «Führer» Xi Jinping came to power, he equalized all these operations and brought them under his government‘s central directorship in order to fight for Chinese interests in the sea more effectively. China is also trying to weaken the Yankees‘ dominant role in the adjacent States by means of FDI. Laos, Papua New Guinea, Brunei, Kampuchea and Burma are among the countries mentioned above in which China has invested money amounting to more than 10% of their gross domestic product. Indonesia is also a target: In 2015, 7,7% of all Chinese FDI went into the island State that lies south of the contested waters.

XI BAITS DUTERTE

The Philippines are not included in any of the six economic corridors of the «Belt and Road» initiative, not even in the fifth one mentioned above. This comes as a great disappointment to the current president and Quisling Rodrigo Duterte who jumps at every opportunity to sell out the country to the highest bidder if he can have a small share in the profits. That being said, he was overjoyed when he recieved an invitation to China shortly after taking office in 2016 and got promised about ca. 213,759,546,733 CHF worth of investments for his planned «Build, Build, Build» infrastructure projects by the social-imperialists upon arrival. The promise gave the fascist hope — maybe the Philippines would become part of the «maritime silk road» after all!

But as of July 2021, only 5% of these promised investments have been released and the only two «Flagship Infrastructure Projects» (a pump irrigation project by the Chico river and a dam project in the Madre mountains) are tied to conditions similar to the ones China used to steal Ceylon‘s harbor. If the debt for these projects is not repaid on time, the Philippines have to surrender their soverign right to these «patrimonial assets» (natural resources) to China. However, the last years showed that these 5% were nearly enough for China to convince Duterte that they are a better imperialist overlord for the Philippines than the USA and he had better make way for their interests.

China built seven military structures in Philippine waters up until 2020. The profits stolen through resource extraction and the damages caused to coral reefs amounted to about 534,398,866 CHF. Each of China‘s expansionist projects was secured militarily by the coast guard or the People‘s Liberation Army. On the 9th of June 2019, the first direct aggression occurred when the fishing boat FV-Gemver from Mindoro was sunk by the Chinese Coast Guard by the Recto Bank, nearly killing the 22 crew members. The Recto Bank is part of the Philippine Exclusive Economic Zone that the U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea recognized in the same year Duterte visited China. This recognition will of course never deter the social-imperialists; it only might serve to legitimize increased Yankee imperialist manoeuvring in the Philippines.

On April 20th 2020, China annexed more of the Spratly Islands along with the Scarborough Shoals, which were also guarded by the Chinese Coast Guard. Fishing Filipinos were specifically driven out of the area so the Chinese vessels would have no distractions while massively overfishing the sea. This overfishing also leads to Filipino masses hardly being able to catch enough fish to survive even when they are outside China‘s firing range.

Contrary to its empty promises of sovereignly defending the country with arms, the Philippine State has yet to lift a finger against the ongoing assaults on the country‘s territorial integrity. Not one ship of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) has ever been sighted in areas China is advancing in; the most the AFP does is latch onto a military exercise conducted by the Yankees and their allies in Philippine waters (which is of course also a violation of territorial integrity, as part two of this article will discuss). Thanks to the open treachery of Duterte and company, 238 Chinese vessels could be counted in the Philippine EEZ in 2020, 236 of which were sighted around the Spratly Islands.

The «Führer» (on the left) and his lapdog (on the right).

2021: THINGS START TO ESCALATE

On January 22nd 2021, the Chinese State passed a new law allowing the Chinese Coast Guard to shoot down ships and destroy structures in the territory claimed to be the «South Chinese Sea». Parts of the Filipino people were aghast and protested, only for presidential speaker Harry Roque to openly call for complicity with this warmongering law.

In the course of the same year, the Philippines were once again abused as an imperialist chessboard. China built new structures on Panganiban Reef of the Spratly Islands and stocked up to 300 vehicles and 4,000 forces there while the U.S. and their allies conducted military exercises in the West Philippine Sea. At this point, the Yankees‘ trust in Duterte had sunk to such an extent that the AFP wasn‘t allowed to participate in these exercises as is usually the case. The Chinese government also seized the opportunity of the Covid pandemic to bribe the president with 1,000,000 Sinovac vaccine doses and gain more control over him, which worked despite China already having sold the Philippines 25,000,000 doses at the outrageous price of about 44,533,238 CHF.

On March 7th, 200 Chinese vessels surrounded the Julian Felipe Reef, which lies inside the Philippine EEZ even though Harry Roque tried to deny this in an effort to give Xi Jinping‘s boots an extra lick. China immediately began its heavily guarded overfishing and extraction while the Chinese State tried to claim that only fishing vessels were there. One month later, on April 8th, a journalist was trying to investigate a different Chinese intrusion at Ayungin Shoal when her boat was threatened by the coast guard and chased through the Philippine EEZ for 90 nautical miles by two of their vessels — after which the AFP condemned the journalist instead of China. When Duterte was later confronted on his inaction on the matter, he accidentally let slip that he had an «agreement» with China to not do anything.

By April 2021, 261 new Chinese vessels had been stationed at Burgos Reef, West York Island, Loaita Island, Ayungin Shoal and other islands. It was estimated that the overfishing carried out by the 270 Chinese vessels at Zamora and Panganiban Reef amounted to 1,200,000 tons of fish per year and that over 124 square kilometers of reef had been destroyed.

At the end of January 2022, China committed its biggest act of provocation up to date when People‘s Liberation Army navy ships entered the Philippine Sulu Sea without permission on January 29th and crossed through Palawan and Mindoro provinces until February 1st. This did not occur in the «South Chinese Sea» — it occurred in uncontested Philippine State territory.

CONCLUSION

In recent years, the only force in the Philippines mobilizing for actual resistance to Chinese imperialism has been the Communist Party of the Philippines. In 2020, the Party called on all New People‘s Army detachments to carry out punitive sabotage actions against Chinese companies for their robbery of the country‘s natural resources and destruction of the environment. The old Philippine State and its ruling Quisling Rodrigo Duterte did nothing to protect the country‘s sovereignity — the only reason behind Duterte decreasing cooperation with the social-imperialists after all is U.S. imperialism, which is reacting to China‘s manoeuvring by strongly increasing its own influence in the country again. Part two of this article, which is coming out in two weeks, will address what the Yankees have done and are currently doing in the Philippines.

[TO BE CONTINUED]