Peru People’s Movement: “Long Live the 1st of May, Day of the International Proletariat!”

Proletarians of all countries, unite!
There is one goal, the conquest of power!

LONG LIVE THE 1ST OF MAY, DAY OF THE INTERNATIONAL PROLETARIAT!

Peru People‘s Movement
01.05.1996

Maoist Documentation ProjectReproduced by
The Red Flag

LONG LIVE THE 1ST OF MAY, DAY OF THE INTERNATIONAL PROLETARIAT!

[…] The conditions for the triumph of the people‘s war are ripening, the revolutionary situation is developing in a growing form and marches towards the revolutionary crisis; this depends on us, on what we do and on what we can do, because we have the invincible weapon of marxism-leninism-maoism, Gonzalo thought, leadership and directorship of the Party, and we have an invincible people‘s war.“

PREPARE THE STRATEGIC OFFENSIVE BY BUILDING THE CONQUEST OF POWER!
Central Committee
Communist Party of Peru
January 1995

The Peru People‘s Movement salutes, with a profound revolutionary fervor, the Peruvian and international proletariat on its day. We make extensive greetings to the oppressed nations and peoples of the world which struggle untiringly against the oppression and exploitation they are subjected to by the imperialist system.

The class, the proletariat with its ideology, its practice and its struggle have given us the greatest thing which history has witnessed to date: socialism and the dictatorship of the proletariat, understood as being the transition to the classless society, the reign of abundance and eternal harmony, Communism.

Since the Paris Commune of March 18th, 1871, the first great milestone of the proletarian world revolution, there have been to date 125 years of unfaltering combat to reach the goal of communism. In turn, there have been three great milestones in this century: the October revolution of 1917, the Chinese revolution of 1949 and the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution of 1966-76. It was in the latter that marxism reached its condition of a new, third and higher stage, maoism. For that reason, the ideology of the proletariat today is marxism-leninism-maoism, mainly maoism which we must uphold, defend and apply, mainly apply, to defeat imperialism and world reaction and crush revisionism.

Socialism has existed as a state for 2/3 of the 20th century, from the triumph of the October revolution of 1917 to the end of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution in 1976, and it has been with the counterrevolutionary coups by the revisionists Khrushchev and Teng Hsiao-ping that capitalism was restored in Russia and China, in 1956 and 1976 respectively. That these restorations have occurred does not negate the relevance nor the validity of socialism just as they don‘t negate the relevance nor the validity of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution. On the contrary, they confirm what Chairman Mao established, that restorations are possible because the class struggle between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat and between the two roads continues under socialism and that the struggle for communism will necessarily pass through an era of restorations and counterrestorations until finally the proletariat will definitively settle into power on a world scale. No class took power and imposed its system on a world level in one blow, the bourgeoisie took 300 years and the feudal class in China took 250 years. The proletariat will take approximately 200 years counting from the Commune, which is to say we have passed the greater part of the stretch. We must see that the great milestones have been always ascending: first the city of lights was taken for a 100 days, later Russia the biggest country on Earth, then China the most populous country on Earth, with which „the East wind prevailed over the West wind“, and finally the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution which resolved the question of the continuation of the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat.

Today, when we have entered into the strategic offensive of the proletarian world revolution and that we are at the beginning of a new great wave of the proletarian world revolution, we struggle for a new and greater milestone of the proletarian world revolution, to block or transform the imperialist world war that the imperialist powers and superpowers are currently preparing. Thus, the order of the day is the world people‘s war which will surround imperialism from the third world, converting the triumphant revolutions of each country into support bases and trenches of combat of the peoples of the world, in that way bases for the inevitable uprising of the proletariat and the people of the very imperialist countries and strengthening the process of counterrestoration in the former socialist countries.

Communism is the final, unstoppable goal of the proletariat that will necessarily be materialized because it is imposed by the transformation and development of matter itself.

Communism is a material necessity of life itself, in all its forms, which serves it as its most advanced part. 15,000,000,000 years of unceasing transformation of matter in the known universe have brought us to this transitional moment between class society and classless society, classes which have not always existed but belong to a stage of the development of society, its stone age. Communism is the reign of abundance and eternal harmony.

1. WE CELEBRATE THE 30TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE GREAT PROLETARIAN CULTURAL REVOLUTION, THE GREATEST MILESTONE OF THE PROLETARIAN WORLD REVOLUTION TO DATE

The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution had its initial milestone in May, 1966, with the „Circular of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China“, starting the greatest political deed which humanity has seen to date. On this year the proletariat and people of China, under the personal directorship of Chairman Mao, found the solution to the problem of how to continue the socialist revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat, and how to prevent capitalist restoration. In perspective, the essence of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution is to change the soul by transforming ideology and developing the economy. Chairman Mao said that „the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution is a great revolution which touches the very soul of people and is destined to resolve the problem of world outlook. Similarly, he said „the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution is a powerful motive force for the development of the social forces of production of our country“ and called to fightself and criticize and repudiate revisionism“.

Chairman Gonzalo stresses that either we will all enter communism together or no one will enter, and he teaches that the restoration of capitalism under China after the death of Chairman Mao does not negate his validity, but rather has confirmed what he established: „The present Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution is only the first, and in the future there will undoubtedly be many more. In revolution, the problem of who will triumph over whom will only be resolved over a long historical period. If things are not resolved adequately, there will be a possibility for capitalist restoration at any moment.“

2. LONG LIVE THE INITIATION OF THE PEOPLE’S WAR IN NEPAL! LONG LIVE THE NEW GREAT WAVE OF THE PROLETARIAN WORLD REVOLUTION!

In Nepal, at the heart of Asia and the roof of the world, the 13th of February has marked the initiation of the people‘s war, with simultaneous actions in different points of the country as was planned by the Communist Party of Nepal, in this manner concluding the preparation of the initiation and opening a new stage in the history of Nepal and the construction of the Communist Party of Nepal: that of leading the people‘s war. This is a grand triumph for the Nepalese proletariat and people along with the international proletariat and peoples of the world, at the same time it constitutes a hard blow against imperialism, revisionism and world reaction, thus confirming in successive deeds that maoism is marching firmly to command the new great wave of the proletarian world revolution which we are entering today.

The cry that „To rebel is justified!“, which summarizes the truth of the omnipotence of revolutionary violence as the core of marxism, resounds everywhere, but most of all in the people‘s war in Peru, and now also with the people‘s war in Nepal. This cry is achieving its greatest materialization because it expresses the application of maoism as the new, third and higher stage of marxism to the concrete conditions of each country, giving rise to a guiding thought and generating a proletarian party of a new type. This party is a war machine to lead the construction of the three instruments of the revolution and also to lead the people‘s war whose center is the support bases, as the superior military strategy of the proletariat.

3. THE GENERAL COUNTERREVOLUTIONARY OFFENSIVE IS FALLING OFF MORE AND MORE WHILE THE MARXIST COUNTEROFFENSIVE ADVANCES UNSTOPPABLY

The general counterrevolutionary offensive is an offensive on all levels which seeks to halt the main historical and political tendency in the world today: revolution, growing more and more today and even more so tomorrow. This counterrevolutionary offensive is led by the U.S. in its role as only hegemonic power, which has vainly tried to sweep away the proletariat as a class, aiming against the heart of the proletariat: its ideology, marxism. However, far from achieving this, what is being generated is the sharpening of the class struggle and with this the sharpening of all the fundamental contradictions, especially the fundamental contraction, that between the oppressed nations and imperialism. All this is favoring the deployment of the marxist counteroffensive and that maoism will be embodied in the peoples of the world, in turn generating communist parties to lead the new great wave of the proletarian world revolution which we are entering today.

4. THERE ARE PREPARATIONS FOR A THIRD WORLD WAR WITH THE FORMATION OF BLOCS, TRADE WAR AND RAPID MILITARIZATION

The inevitable sinking of imperialism, which is in a general crisis, is expressed on all fields. Imperialism at this point is growing more decrepit and sinister and offers nothing: ideologically and politically they shield themselves behind theocracies over 2,000 years old. At the same time they promote a supposed racial superiority through genetic individualism, selfishness and personal success at all costs. Furthermore, they traffic with the discrediting of their political parties and their representative democracy; their culture is decadent, vulgar and twisted and offers nothing to their youth besides drugs to mitigate their empty lives. Militarily they resort more and more to nuclear blackmail, genocide and their „psychological warfare“; economically they face the immanent collapse of neoliberalism which dominates the imperialist global economic system and is increasing unemployment and hunger throughout the world, not only in the third world but also in the heart of the superpowers and imperialist powers. For example there is the gigantic strike in France and the general discontent in Russia. At the same time they incite the trade war between the superpowers and powers that impel the preparations for the 3rd World War for a new repartition of the world and a redefinition of the first world. One of these superpowers, Russia, has entered into complete disintegration and the other, the U.S., is a giant with feet of clay and with growing problems, while there are other powers that are hard on their heels and struggle for global hegemony, for example Germany, Japan, France and China.

5. THE PEOPLE’S WAR IN PERU CONTINUES ITS VICTORIOUS ADVANCE

With Fujimori‘s State coup (April, 1992), there was a turn in the situation due to the fact that the U.S. passed over to the direct command of the countersubversive war applying their strategy of „low-intensity warfare“. This caused Peru to enter into a transitional period where the main contradiction is changing from masses ↔ semi-feudalism to one of nation ↔ imperialism, a growing polarization of the class struggle. The counterrevolution carried out an onslaught with the goal of winning back their lost positions to try to maintain their system. This was tacit recognition that effectively the people‘s war had reached the strategic stalemate. Five months later, in September, due to their capture of Chairman Gonzalo, they dreamed of a quick and definitive victory, but they wrecked against a forceful reality, and the people‘s war emerged victoriously facing their genocides and breaking through campaigns of encirclement and suppression. Then in the midst of 1993, as part of their psychological warfare, with the complicity of the revisionist capitulators of the Right-opportunist line, they cooked up their hoax of the „peace accords“, but the Communist Party of Peru crushed the hoax through the people‘s war. In 1994 and 1995 they filled their mouths by talking at length about „the defeat of the Shining Path“, unleashing new hoaxes like the „immanent capture of Comrade Feliciano“, or that he was wounded in the leg and surrounded by dozens of commando squads. But their own „senderologists“, strategists for the reactionaries, had to recognize the bitter reality that the people‘s war continued to advance. In 1996, four years after the capture of Chairman Gonzalo, all sectors of the reactionaries recognize this, including the U.S. in their influential publications like Newsweek which talks about „the return of the Shining Path“.

On the other hill, the hill of reaction, things couldn‘t be going much worse. The neoliberal economic program has broken down now that, among many other things, the trade deficit of more than 2,000,000,000 dollars is unsustainable. So much so that the IMF has ordered Fujimori to carry out a series of measures to relaunch the neoliberal program: new taxes, accelerate the „structural reforms“ (privatizations of public enterprises and even privatization of the schools), cutting back expenditures and arranging the debt with the Russians. What follows is easy to foresee, „adjustments and cuts“ which will lead to greater privation and suffering of the people through hunger and sicknesses, the direct product of the recession and unemployment.

The profound economic crisis which the Peruvian economy has entered, and which the people‘s war aggravates, will strengthen the class struggle and the struggle of the masses, impelling the necessary struggle for rights and daily demands that will result in a greater incorporation of the masses into the people‘s war. This in turn promotes the arrival of the revolutionary crisis in which the insurrections to conquer power throughout Peru will be realized.

6. THE PARTY ADVANCES FIRMLY AND DEDICATEDLY IN BUILDING THE CONQUEST POWER HAVING SWEPT AWAY THE RIGHT-OPPORTUNIST LINE AND PURGED THE PARTY

The successful application of the 6th Military Plan of Building the Conquest of Power, the 4th Strategic Plan of Development of the People‘s War and the Construction Plan is ratified by the ever higher actions of the people‘s war. Nevertheless it is necessary to debunk the sinister, revisionist and capitulationist positions of the Right-opportunist line with the goal of deeply penetrating their feudal-imperialist content in order to vaccinate against this sickness. Let us look at what they write in their miserable scribbles:

They negate the eleven basic principles of the Party, they say: „Four basic ideas should guide our conception of things“; they negate revolutionary violence and the strategic offensive of the world revolution by saying: „the great political war […] to continue the war without arms“, but with this they not only negate the possibility of the people‘s war in Peru, but they go even further and say: we are living through three years of strategic retreats, globally, on a word scale“. They negate the character and decomposition of imperialism, raising up the thesis of superimperialism, saying: „the monopolies no longer redivide the world“, „imperialism is recuperating“, „prolonged plan of neoliberalism“, „which will last for decades“, „the reactionaries are aiming at breaking the cycle of crisis“ (for these wretches the „political war without arms“ is their response to a superimperialism that will have found the solution to their cyclical crises and wars for repartitioning the world). For them it is not the case that collusion is raised on a basis of conflict, rather they say: „there is collusion and contention and contention for collusion“, negating Gonzalo thought which says that collusion is raised solely on a basis of contention. For them, when all is said and done, only collusion exists. That is to say, superimperialism. They attack the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement they say: communist parties only in name“. They attack the Party when they say: „the Party has been decapitated“, „form the new red faction“, „the Right supports the Left in the struggle against ultra-Leftism“, „infamous attacks by the enemy“ (referring to the Central Committee), „not even the armed forces act that way“. They negate the great strategy, saying: „for the new great strategy“, invoking, as all revisionists do, „new conditions“.

They negate Gonzalo thought and the leadership, they negate the basis of Party unity sanctioned by the 1st Congress, saying: „A new definition […] a 2nd Congress“, they take the name of Chairman Gonzalo to publicize their opinions and they blind themselves in their egocentric metaphysics: „only two remain from the historic Permanent Committee“, „Chairman Gonzalo and Comrade Miriam“, „the new red faction“ which is in the prisons, and furthermore they say that „isolated as we are, we can see more clearly“. They negate the strategic stalemate, they started out saying „build the strategic stalemate“ and now they say „we have passed over to the defensive“. They reveal their parliamentary cretinism, calling for an electoral alliance with Fujimori and cover up genocide; they say: „the opposition and imperialism seek ‚pacification‘“ (read genocide). They have become worshipers of Fujimori, they say that „the only one who has the authority and the capacity to realize a peace accord“, they are thus the „revolutionary left“ which will fill the vacuum of their question „who represents the people in the elections? No one“. They think that they will get amnesty to be the revisionist „hinge“ between imperialism and Fujimori.

They twist quotes and employ treacherous sophistries: for example, they use Lin Piao to say „as long as that‘s possible“ instead of „as soon as that‘s possible“, or when they say: „politics is war without bloodshed“, the sophism consists in that they wish to smuggle in the idea that politics and war are the same thing, thus negating the role of revolutionary violence and twisting the meaning of the quote from Chairman Mao, who begins the same paragraph 64 of „On Protracted War“ by saying: But war has its peculiarities; in this sense it is not equivalent to politics in general.“

They negate the revolutionary situation in growing development despite the objective fact that in Peru we are approaching a revolutionary crisis. They negate the concept of people‘s war and its heart, the support bases: The people‘s war should not be defeated“, „without winners or losers“ as if the people‘s war could continue without a People‘s Liberation Army and without their heart, the support bases, which are the new power in its six forms.

They display shameless revisionism on the central questions of power and the State: they say „defend the gains of the people‘s war“. How? From parliament; or when they say that the people‘s war has destroyed semi-feudalism thus they negate the problem of democratic revolution, the land question, and the peasant question, which can only be resolved at a national level with the seizure of power countrywide. What happens is that they seek to follow the landlord-bureaucratic path of evolution of semi-feudalism, which is why they call for „defend the gains of the peoples war“.

They negate the revolutionary situation in growing development which approaches a revolutionary crisis, saying: „the masses don‘t want the war, the reactionaries have gains, successes and advances“. Like all revisionists they allege „new conditions“, „that bureaucratic capitalism is laying down bases and is becoming viable“, and the height of shamelessness is that they ask Fujimori to extend the reaches of the amnesty law so that they can achieve „national reconciliation“.

Nevertheless, reality has negated every one of the fantastic speculative movements of the blockheads of those who say they see more clearly now that they are imprisoned.

7. THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF PERU IS DEVELOPING AS THE RED FACTION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNIST MOVEMENT AND CONSIDERS THE REVOLUTIONARY INTERNATIONALIST MOVEMENT AS A STEP FORWARD IN THE REFOUNDING OF THE COMMUNIST INTERNATIONAL

This is the position established by the 1st Congress of the Communist Party of Peru. With respect to is observations and even clear counter-positions that the Party clearly expressed from the beginning, but as was foreseen, these are being overcome in deeds up to now, especially on the decisive and transcendental question of maoism as the new, third and higher stage of marxism, which the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement assumed towards the end of 1993 and that coincided with the celebration of the centennial celebration of the birth of Chairman Mao. This motivated the Party to send to the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement, by way of its Committee, a greeting along with expressions of appreciation for carrying forward the campaign: „Move heaven and earth to defend Chairman Gonzalo‘s life!“. Afterwards, the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement took another step forward in condemning the capitulationist and revisionist Right-opportunist line that proposes a „peace accord“. Today there are some who find opportunist faults with the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement and its Committee acting against what is established by the documents and events of the Communist Party of Peru. Actually these cunning attacks on the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement and its Committee are headed up by Luis Arce Borja by way of articles in El Diario International, the Internet and slanderous letters which obviously the Peru People‘s Movement and the immense majority have condemned and rejected. We have selected some extracts from documents and Party events which clearly reflect the position of the Communist Party of Peru with respect to this:

We are for refounding the Communist International, and we regard the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement as a step in that direction. It will serve this purpose as long as it upholds and follows a justified and correct ideological and political line.“ („Bases of Discussion“, „International Line“, 1988.)

Within the necessity of regrouping ourselves within the international communist movement, we must see the situation of the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement, which is a step forward on this road; it is passing through difficulties but that is true of every new thing. The Communist Party of Peru is a member of the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement, this is correct; our Party supports the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement with its prestige and its undeclinable struggle to transform our country with people‘s war, but we should support it more, that is a necessity, the revolution demands it. We are not doing all that we can and should do to develop the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement, to be a more active part of it, have more direct participation, support it economically; we should propose greater unity and cohesiveness on three things: marxism-leninism-maoism, to serve the proletarian world revolution and to implacably fight revisionism, as the basis for unity. This could be a good basis of unity for a better and more developed construction of the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement. We could reach a point where by means of a resolution this basis of unity could be declared; a conference can cause delays but we could reach it by way of consultations. In essence, it is defining that marxism-leninism-maoism, mainly maoism, is our ideology.“ (Preparatory Session of the 2nd Plenum of the 1st Central Committee, October-November 1990.)

[…] we salute from here the international proletariat, the oppressed nations of the world and the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement.“ („Chairman Gonzalo‘s Speech Shines Victoriously and Powerfully Before the World!“, 24.09.1992.)

We extend to you our most fervent communist greetings and express our profound joy because the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement has sanctioned the guidance of marxism-leninism-maoism as the new, third and higher stage, because maoism is the vital point of transcendental importance and furthermore, today, it serves that maoism embodied in the peoples of the world cross over to lead the new great wave of the world proletarian revolution that is coming‘. Furthermore it has served the grand process of the celebration of the centennial of Chairman Mao Tse-tung […]“ (Letter from the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Peru to the Committee of the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement, February 1994.)

[…] above all the victorious and brilliant celebration of the centennial of Chairman Mao Tse-tung established by our Chairman Gonzalo which has served that maoism be embodied as a new, third and higher stage of the ideology of the international proletariat, as the decisive weapon of its inexorable, final triumph. They have assumed it and carried it forward as an unfading milestone of the communist parties, the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement and the peoples of the word […]“ („Prepare the Strategic Offensive by Building the Conquest of Power!“, January 1995.)

LONG LIVE THE 1ST OF MAY, INTERNATIONAL DAY OF OUR CLASS!

LONG LIVE MARXISM-LENINISM-MAOISM, GONZALO THOUGHT!

DEFEND CHAIRMAN GONZALO‘S LIFE!

LONG LIVE THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF PERU!

LONG LIVE THE 16TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE PEOPLE‘S WAR IN PERU! WE SALUTE THE INITIATION OF THE PEOPLE‘S WAR IN NEPAL!

LONG LIVE THE 30TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE GREAT PROLETARIAN CULTURAL REVOLUTION! LONG LIVE THE NEW GREAT WAVE OF THE PROLETARIAN WORLD REVOLUTION! LONG LIVE THE REVOLUTIONARY INTERNATIONALIST MOVEMENT!

COMBAT THE REVISIONIST AND CAPITULATIONIST RIGHT-OPPORTUNIST LINE!

FIGHT IMPERIALISM, REVISIONISM AND WORLD REACTION!

01.05.1996
PERU PEOPLE‘S MOVEMENT