Plan for the Main Action of a Campaign

An action plan from the people's war in Peru.

Proletarians of all countries, unite!

PLAN FOR THE MAIN ACTION OF A CAMPAIGN

GUERRILLA COMBAT OR ASSAULT ON THE ANTI-SUBVERSIVE DETACHMENT LOCATED IN THE DISTRICT OF ANGASMARCA, PROVINCE OF SANTIAGO DE CHUCHO, LA LIBERTAD

Northern Regional Committee
Communist Party of Peru
1991

Translated and Reproduced by
The Red Flag

This action plan was established by one of the Zonal Committees under the Northern Regional Committee of the Communist Party of Peru. The action in question was the main action of a campaign then being carried out in the people‘s war in Peru as part of the 3rd Campaign of the Great Plan to Develop Base Areas in Service of the Conquest of Power.

This action plan, like all action plans of the Communist Party of Peru, was established according to the «Five Steps of the Action»: 1. Planning. 2. Materials and personnel. 3. Preparation. 4. Deployment and execution. 5. Retreat and evaluation.

PLAN FOR THE MAIN ACTION OF A CAMPAIGN

1. PLAN

1.1. TYPE OF ACTION

Guerrilla combat, assault to the counter-subversive detachment „DAS“.

1.2. POLITICAL GOAL

To serve «May the Strategic Stalemate Shake the Country More!», to the political objective of the beginning of the Great Culmination of the 3rd Campaign to Impulse: «To initiate tremendously! May the strategic stalemate shake the country more! Leaping forward in applying the four forms of people‘s war, mainly guerrilla combat, serving to build as part of the strategic stalemate, to merge more with the class struggle of the masses for their great incorporation into the people‘s war, all serving the conquest of power throughout the country, developing mobile warfare and impulsing the people‘s war.»

To serve the destruction of the [enemy] bases, to expand this serving to remove the system of bases with guerrilla combats, serving to penetrate deeply following the fundamental axis of penetration Pataz-Bolivar.

To serve the opening of the open people‘s committees.

1.3. MILITARY GOAL

Military objective: Annihilation of the enemy‘s reactionary forces, conquest of modern weapons, strengthening mobile warfare with guerrilla combats.

2. PERSONNEL AND MATERIALS

2.1. PARTICIPATING FORCES

2.1.1. MAIN FORCE

2 platoons, one from the main zone and the main force platoon from the Cajamarca zone (total 24 fighters).

2.1.2. LOCAL FORCE

1 platoon base, that is, 3 fighters from the main zone.

2.1.3. BASE FORCE

1 platoon and 1 platoon base, total 13 fighters from the main zone.

2.1.4. MASSES

A total of 30.

2.2. MATERIALS

2.2.1. WEAPONS

12 rifles, 10 AKM and 2 G-3 with approximately 1,000 ammunition.

17 submachine guns with 1,200 rounds of ammunition.

4 revolvers with 72 ammunition.

1 pistol with 45 bullets.

2.2.2. DYNAMITE

2 loads of 150 shells.

4 loads of 100 shells

4 loads of 50 shells

4 loads of 30 shells

100 grenades with 25 shrapnel each.

2.2.3. MEDICAL EQUIPMENT

Anti-hemorrhagic.

Antibiotics.

Anti-tetanus.

Syringes.

Venoclysis equipment.

Stretchers.

2.2.4. OTHER

Mules for support in retreat (10), preparation of graves for the fallen.

3. PREPARATION

3.1. RECONNAISSANCE

3.1.1. LOCATION

District of Angasmarca, province of Santigago de Chuco.

3.1.2. OBJECTIVE

Assault on the DAS, enemy force: 15 under the command of a lieutenant.

3.1.3. TYPES OF WEAPON THEY HAVE

AKM rifles (15), FAL (2 to 4), 1 PGM, revolvers, pistols, pineapple grenades.

3.1.4. SECURITY SYSTEM

Day and night surveillance at their post only, battery-operated radio transmitter, concrete rampart in front.

3.1.5. DISTANCE TO NEAREST POSTS

From Caducadán: By foot, 2 hours, 30 minutes.

From Santiago de Chuco: 2:30 by car, on foot: 4:30.

From Quiruvilca and Shoney: By car 4 hours, on foot more or less 7 hours.

From Huamachucho: 7 hours by car.

From Otuzco: 8 hours by car (at maximum speed).

By helicopter from Trujillo: 1 hour.

3.1.6. STRUCTURE OF THE PREMISES

Old house, two stories, adobe wall, four rooms on the second floor, and four on the second floor, with a passageway in the center and a stairway at the end that leads to a door of the animal enclosure. Concrete rampart on the second floor and windows, adobe rampart on the second floor, closing the balcony.

3.2. PLANNING

3.2.1. POLITICAL MOBILIZATION

Report: «May the Strategic Stalemate Shake the Country More!».

Preparatory Session of the 2nd Plenary Session of the 1st Central Committee of the Communist Party of Peru.

Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-tung on People‘s War.

Quotations from «Great Strategic Concept» and on the spirit of «The one who is not afraid to die the death of a thousand cuts dares to unhorse the Emperor».

On revolutionary heroism, the basic principle of war, the quota, avenging the blood of our fallen heroes.

3.2.2. TRAINING AND DRILLING

Training in weapons handling, grenades in base force platoon, constant rehearsals during five days, by groups and general rehearsal with the disposition of all the forces: Strengthening the handling in the group of charging, delivery of sketch of the objective to be discussed by groups, in the same way discussion on the model that was elaborated.

3.2.3. POINT OF CONCENTRATION

First concentration at two hours and measure the target to hit; second concentration one day before the execution, at one hour from the target.

3.2.4. DEPLOYMENT

Route: […]

3.3.5. DISTRIBUTION OF FORCES

Attack, support and security

Attack: 4 attack groups, one of them charging.

Support: 1 group: action commanders, liaisons and 2 colleagues of the health group.

Security: 3 security groups.

Attacks:

Attack Group 1: 8 fighters, responsible of the group Comrade Hernán, military sub-command of the action. 4 comrades and 4 fighters (main attack flank).

Attack Group 2: 3 fighters, responsible Comrade Carlos, political sub-command of the action.

Attack Group 3: 5 fighters, Comrade Ciro as responsible.

Attack Group 4: 2 fighters, Comrade Carlos responsible.

Support:

1 single group: political command Comrade Mariela, military command Comrade Fernando and Comrade Abel is responsible for health.

Security:

Security Group 1: 3 fighters (at the rear of the post) responsible: Comrade Yanet.

Security Group 2: 3 fighters, responsible Comrade Valentin.

Security Group 3: 2 fighters, Colleague Elias, from base force.

4. DEPLOYMENT AND EXECUTION (AS PLANNED)

But we still do not have the evaluation, there could have been some variations.

  • The displacement had to be done through the lower part of the place, one arrived at a forest, from there began a stone wall, first and then an adobe wall that reached the back of the former SAIS, and continues to the back of the post, taking advantage of that wall one had to make the entrance; Second, they reached the back of the former SAIS and the forces of Attack Groups 2 and 4 and security stayed to enter through a wall that is about 25 meters from the church, the rest of the forces advanced first, Attack Group 3 and second, Security Groups 1 2 and Attack Group 1, arriving at the post where there is a gate near the premises of the point, the two forces that were ahead had to accelerate their movement to ensure taking positions of both attack and security, likewise Attack Group 1 entered to take the house next to the post (garden premises). We calculated that the enemy would be ready when we were already located at the rear and we took the side (where the garden premises are), the security force already had to act by throwing grenades into the corral of the post: it was the moment of the beginning.

  • Attack Group 1: I took the adjoining house, 2 fighters advanced to the wall of the post to place the charges and three stayed guarding the house, the demolition charge exploded and had to open a hole, 4 fighters advanced, 2 on each side, and threw grenades into the interior to ensure clearing the ground for the break-in. Then they would throw the four of them: two would take the door leading to the passageway and two would take the door of the warehouse, also throwing a grenade inside, and then they would go out. For that, those who took the door of the passageway also threw a load of 100 cartridges and went out to take cover and then re-enter and take positions inside and command to surrender, we calculate up to this moment that the enemy could already have 4 to 7 casualties.

  • Attack Group 2: Took the front of the church to open fire from there to the front of the post (to the ramparts where there were two sentries) and not allow them to leave the post. Until the moment that surrender was requested and once it was requested, Attack Group 2 would advance to take position and control the exit of the surrendered. This force was also designated to support the charge (2 colleagues) in case reinforcements were needed.

  • Attack Group 3: Taking the rear of the Hotel, one colleague would be positioned in a lying position to open fire on the windows at the rear of the post and the door and at the same time control a possible escape, 1 colleague covered by another, would launch a charge of 100 to the post animal pen, 1 colleague taking the house next to the post, the front part through the second floor balcony, would launch a charge of 50 to the post parapet and 2 colleagues would go up to the roof to attack through the post roof (at a certain moment).

  • Attack Group 4: It was located in front of Attack Group 2 which is holed up in the church and its task was also to control the front.

  • The Support Group is located at a point near the post to direct the action with the liaison support, and here are located 2 colleagues of the Health Group, the rest of the Health Group was located at a distant point of all forces.

  • Security Group 1: Its location at the rear of the town ensured that enemy forces could not try to escape from the rear, they had to throw constant grenades.

  • Security Group 2: It took an alley leading to the street where the post is located to control it, in case there were enemy forces outside the post. Security Group 2 was to prevent this.

  • Security Group 3: On the corner of a street, covering the backs of Attack Group 4.

4.1. WEAPONS DISTRIBUTION FOR THE ACTION

  • Attack Group 1: carries 3 AKM rifles, 4 submachine guns and a colleague carries demolition charges.

  • Attack Group 2: carries 2 AKM rifles, 1 colleague grenades with their submachine gun.

  • Attack Group 3: carries 4 submachine guns, 1 rifle.

  • Attack Group 4: 1 rifle, 1 AKM and 1 submachine gun.

  • Support Group: 1 rifle, 1 pistol, 3 machine guns and grenades.

  • Security Group 1: 2 rifle, 2 machine guns, 1 grenadier.

  • Security Group 2: 1 rifle, 1 machine gun, 1 grenadier.

  • Security Group 3: 1 rifle and 1 machine gun.

4.2. MINIMUM TIME IN WHICH THE POST CAN BE TAKEN

30 minutes.

4.3. MAXIMUM TIME IN WHICH THE POST CAN BE TAKEN

1 hour, 30 minutes.

4.4. STARTING TIME

01:00.

5. RETREAT

Once the action is over, the forces will be distributed: 2 Attack Groups, 1 Support Group and 2 Security Groups, to Rayanbal where a house was prepared for the wounded requiring surgical intervention. Up to the whole company. Then, the platoons of the main force continue their retreat by a river until reaching higher altitude. Up to this house we were guaranteed to arrive at 05:00. In the high part of Angasmarca, they were also going to wait for mass colleagues of the People‘s Committee of Incascorral to transfer wounded and expropriations.