The Chinese People Cannot Be Cowed by the Atom Bomb

Proletarians of all countries, unite!
There is one goal, the conquest of power!


Chairman Mao Tse-tung

Selected Works, Vol. 5
Foreign Languages Press
Peking 1977
Reproduced by
The Red Flag


Main points of a conversation with Ambassador Carl-Johan (Cay) Sundstrom, the first Finnish envoy to China, when he presented his credentials.

China and Finland are friendly countries. Our relations are based on the „Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence“.

China and Finland have never come into conflict. In the past, China‘s wars with European countries were only with Britain, France, Germany, tsarist Russia, Italy, the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the Netherlands; these countries all came from afar to commit aggressions against China, as in the invasions by the Anglo-French allied forces and by the allied forces of the eight powers, including the United States and Japan. 16 countries took part in the war of aggression against Korea, including Turkey and Luxembourg. All these aggressor countries claimed to be peace-loving while branding Korea and China as aggressors.

Today, the danger of a world war and the threats to China come mainly from the warmongers in the United States. They have occupied our Taiwan and the Taiwan Straits and are contemplating an atomic war. We have two principles: first, we don‘t want war; second, we will strike back resolutely if anyone invades us. This is what we teach the militants of the Communist Party and the whole nation. The Chinese people are not to be cowed by U.S. atomic blackmail. Our country has a population of 600,000,000 and an area of 9,600,000 square kilometres. The United States cannot annihilate the Chinese nation with its small stack of atom bombs. Even if the U.S. atom bombs were so powerful that, when dropped on China, they would make a hole right through the Earth, or even blow it up, that would hardly mean anything to the Universe as a whole, though it might be a major event for the Solar System.

We have an expression, millet plus rifles. In the case of the United States, it is planes plus the A-bomb. However, if the United States with its planes plus the A-bomb is to launch a war of aggression against China, then China with its millet plus rifles is sure to emerge the victor. The people of the whole world will support us. As a result of the 1st World War, the Tsar, the landlords and the capitalists in Russia were wiped out; as a result of the 2nd World War, Chiang Kai-shek and the landlords were overthrown in China and the Eastern European countries and a number of countries in Asia were liberated. Should the United States launch a 3rd World War and supposing it lasted eight or ten years, the result would be the elimination of the ruling classes in the United States, Britain and the other accomplice countries and the transformation of most of the world into countries directed by Communist Parties. World wars end not in favour of the warmongers but in favour of the Communist Parties and the revolutionary people in all lands. If the warmongers are to make war, then they mustn‘t blame us for making revolution or engaging in „subversive activities“, as they keep saying all the time. If they desist from war, they can survive a little longer on this Earth. But the sooner they make war, the sooner they will be wiped from the face of the Earth. Then a People‘s United Nations would be set up, maybe in Shanghai, maybe somewhere in Europe, or it might be set up again in New York, provided the U.S. warmongers had been wiped out.