The Party’s General Line for the Transition Period

Proletarians of all countries, unite!
There is one goal, the conquest of power!

THE PARTY‘S GENERAL LINE FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD

Chairman Mao Tse-tung
August 1953

Selected Works, Vol. 5
Foreign Languages Press
Peking 1977
Reproduced by
The Red Flag

THE PARTY‘S GENERAL LINE FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD

Important directive written by Chairman Mao Tse-tung when he went over the summing-up to be made by Comrade Chou En-lai at the National Conference on Financial and Economic Work held in the summer of 1953.

The time between the founding of the People‘s Republic of China and the basic completion of socialist transformation is a period of transition. The Party‘s general line or general task for the transition period is basically to accomplish the country‘s industrialization and the socialist transformation of agriculture, handicrafts and capitalist industry and commerce over a fairly long period of time. This general line should be the beacon illuminating all our work, and wherever we deviate from it, we shall make Right or „Left“ mistakes.

Many policies under this general line were already set forth and decided upon in principle in the resolution adopted at the 2nd Plenum of the 7th Central Committee held in March 1949. Nevertheless, many comrades were not inclined to work in accordance with the decisions of the 2nd Plenum and on some matters preferred to go their own way contrary to the Plenum‘s decisions or even openly violated its principles.